短文改错it

发布时间:2017-01-25 来源: 短文摘抄 点击:

短文改错it篇一:2015高考英语一轮短文改错复习题有解析

短文改错

1

(2014届黑龙江省哈三中高三上学期第三次验收)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

As is known, that it is interesting to teach children to swim while they are still babies. Most large town in Florida and California have already run particularly lessons for babies. The idea has quickly spread to Europe which, in several countries, special courses were now offered to children who are from 7 to 24

months old. The first step is to have child get rid of the fear with water. Next, he is teaching to float in water. Once he can do that naturally and can swim with fear, the child can master the technique and push him forward through water.

【答案】 1.去掉that

2. town改成 towns

3. particularly 改成particular

4. which改成where

5. were改成are

6. have与child之间加a

7. with water 改成 of water

8. teaching改成taught

9. with改成without

10. him改成himself

2

(2014届浙江省温州中学高三上学期期中)

Dear Mr. Black,

I’m very thank to you for inviting me to stay with you in the come summer vacation. I have been dreamed of seeing you again so that I can get help from you in my English learning. And I’m afraid I cannot go to your place in this summer. I’ve promised my grandmother, she lives in the country, to spend this summer with her. She misses me too much that I find difficult to refuse her request. I’m busy preparing for my

examinations in present. I planned to visit you in winter if it’s convenient to you.

Best wishes.

Yours truly,

Li Ying

【答案】

1. thank改为thankful

2. come改为coming

3. dreamed改为dreaming

4. And改为But 5. 去掉in

6. she改为who

7. too改为so

8. find后面加it

9. in改为at

10. planned改为plan

3

(2014届浙江省浙北名校联盟高三上学期期中联考)

下面短文中有10处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

One year ago, I was in great trouble. I worked hard at English and devote all my spare time to practise it. But I failed to pass the mid-term examination, which made me great disappointed. So I asked my grandpa for advice when I got to home. Hearing that I told him, he said, “To some extent, examination results are sometime unexpected by your study level. You can’t judge your progress by one examination.” He

encouraged myself to work hard for long time to check my results. I took my grandpa’s advice. Now I realize that the process of learning is much more important and my English is more better than before. From my experience, I feel that we should listen to opinion from old people.

【答案】

1. devote → devoted

2. practise → practicing

3. great → greatly

4. 去掉to。

5. that → what

6. sometime →sometimes

7. myself → me

8. for和long 之间加a。

9. more → much

10. opinion → opinions

4

(2013-2014学年内蒙古包头市一中高三入学考试)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

A man was driving on the road. Suddenly his cars stopped. He got out of the car tried to find out the trouble. “It’s the motor.” Said the voice behind him. He was surprising and turned around. But he saw only an old

horse. “Did you say something?” he asked. “I said you should check yours motor.” The horse replied. The man rushed to the nearest house. With a very excited voice, he told the farmer had happened. The farmer, therefore, showed no sign of excitement. He explained, “He didn’t know anything about cars. He can only repeat what I often say.

【答案】

1. cars改成car

2. tried→trying

3. the→a

4. surprising→surprised

5. something→anything

6. yours→ your

7. With →In

8. the farmer∧had →what

9. therefore→however

10. didn’t→doesn’t

5

(2014届浙江省江山实验中学高三上学期第一次阶段性测试)

下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一个横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。

It is real a good chance to have met all of you here. We have spent several precious weekend in learning in the English Club. Although we have been members for a short period of times, we have made a great progress. That is because we are all very much active and the activities are not only enjoyable and also helpful. Besides, the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and interested. I am very pleased to say that all of us greatly improved our spoken English so far. I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future!

【答案】

1. real--really

2. weekend--weekends

3. times--time

4. 去掉a

5. 去掉much

6. and--but

7. his--their

8. interested--interesting

9. us∧have

10. see--seeing

6

(2014届浙江省湖州市八校高三上学期第二次联考)

下面短文中有10处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,在该词下面写出改正后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I can’t swim so I have a strong fear of water. Look back at my childhood, I think that three reasons might explain fear. Firstly, I am not allowed to go near the water when I was a child, as my mother had an

ueasonable fear of it. Therefore, I was taught to see to the water as something danger. Secondly, my eyes became bad when I was five. If I took off my glass in the water, I couldn’t see something, and this increased my fear. What’s worse, for a child I once saw a neighbor drowned. Since then I have been more frightening.

【答案】

1. so—because

2. look—looking

3. 加the

4. am—was

短文改错it篇二:It用法练习题及答案

It的用法

It的用法在高考中也是重现率较高的语言点,尤其是it用于强调句。其考查方式多通过“单项填空”进行,偶尔也出现在“短文改错”和“完形填空”中。

一、要点点拔

1.代替上文中提到过的人或事物。指代人时,一般用于小孩或身份不十分明朗的人。

1) -Who is the baby?

-It?s my teacher?s son.

2) -Who is that gentleman?

-It's my friend Tom.He(不可用It) wants to see you.

2.用于表达天气、环境、时间、距离、季节等。例如:

1) It?s half an hour?s walk from here to our school.

2) It?s nice and warm here.

3) But it's two o'clock now, and it's time for us to go to school.

3.用作形式主语.it 没有具体意义,而只是帮助把真正的主语移至句子后尾,使句子显得平稳一些,能借it 给移至句子后尾的主语有三种:一种由不定式表示,一种由动名词表示,一种由从句表示。

1).It 替代真正的主语——动词不定式短语.

It is easier to say than to do .

It is a good act to help the others.

2).it 替代真正的主语——动名词短语,以动名词短语做主语的句子,主要在以no good, no use, no harm, dangerous, foolish 等词作表语的句中.

It?s no harm drinking running water in that area。

It?s foolish talking like that.

3).it 替代从句作主语,用从句做主语的带it 的句子很多,常见的有下面几类: ① It is a pity (a shame ,a fact ,a wonder ,a good thing,etc. )that…

It is a shame that he didn?t pass the exam.

② It is strange ( surprising,obvious ,true, good,possible,clear,etc. ) that… 。

It was clear that they had no desire for peace.

③ It seems (happened ,turned out,etc.)that…

It seemed that things were not as they expected.

④ It is said ( decided ,expected ,etc)that …

It is said that the tickets have been sold out .

4.用作形式宾语。

当复合宾语中的宾语是不定式,-ing短语或从句往往用it作形式宾语,而将真正的宾语移至句末,句子重心后移。

1) We find it difficult to learn English well in such a short time.

2) We think it no use crying over spilt milk.

3) We made it clear when and where we were going to have the meeting.

5.用于强调句型,即“It is/was+被强调部分+that/who/whom+其它”句型之中。使用该句型有以下几点请注意:

① 强调句的谓语is或was永远用单数.

It was yesterday that I met your father in the street.

②不管被强调部分是哪种状语,只能用that连接,不得使用where、when等连词.

It was in the street that I met your father yesterday.

③被强调部分为人时,可用who(主格或宾格)和whom(宾格)代替that,用that也行。

1) It was your father that/whom /who I met in the street yesterday.

2) It was I that/who met your father in the street yesterday.

④强调句中 也要注意主谓一致、人称一致和否定转移的问题。

1) It is they who are our friends.

2) It was not until ten o'clock that we got home last night.

⑤注意不要混淆强调句和其他从句。It is was…that…为强调句标志,去掉后仍可组成一个完整的句子,只是没被强调,而其他从句一般不具备这一特征。

比较:

1) It was ten o'clock when we got home last night.我们昨晚到家时已十点了。

2) It was at ten o'clock that we got home last night.我们昨晚是在十点到家的。

第一句不是强调句,when不可改为that,因为去掉it was和that后,只能组成“We got home ten o'clock last night.”这样一个不完整的句子;第二句是强调句,that不可改为when.

二、常用句型及考点

I. 形式主语型

1. It is clear (obvious,true,possible,certain…) that…

2. It is important (necessary,right,strange,natural…)that…

掌握本句型,应该记住所列举的形容词,并且记住that后的从句应用虚拟语气 (should+动词原形),should可以省去。

3. It is no good (use) doing sth.

4. It is a pity (a shame …) that…

本句型中,that后的从句一般用虚拟语气 (should十动词原形),should可以省去。表示出乎意料,常译为“竟然”。没有这种意义时,则不用虚拟语气。

5. It is time (about time,high time) that…

本句型中that后的从句应该用虚拟语气。

6. It is the first (second…)time that…

7. It is said (reported,learned….)that…

8. It is suggested (ordered…) that…

本句型中的过去分词应该是表示请求、建议、命令等的词,that后的从句要用虚拟语气(should十动词原形),should可以省略。常译为“据建议;有命令……”。

9. It happens (seems,appears) that…

10. It takes sb…to do sth.

11. It doesn?t matter whether…

12. It is kind (of sb) to do sth.

本句型中的不定式如果需要逻辑主语,则须要前置介词of,而句型中的形容词必须是能表示逻辑主语特征的形容词,常见的有bad,brave,careless,clever,cruel,foolish,honest,horrible,

kind,lazy,modest,naughty, polite,rude,silly, stupid,wise,wrong等。

13. It is necessary ( for sb) to do sth.

14. It is (just) like sb to do sth.

本句型为“某人(恰恰)是……样子”。用来表示赞扬或不满,若用否定式,则表示怀疑。例:It's like him to leave the work to others.

他就是这样的一个人,把工作推给别人。

15. It is up to sb to do sth.

本句型表示“谊由某人做……”。

II.强调句型

It is+ 被强调部分+that/who…

本句型中被强调部分可以是主语、宾语或状语。强调的主语如果是人,that可以由who换用。 III.其他句型

1. It is…since…

本句型主句中用时间作表语,一般用现在时或完成时,since引导的从句常用瞬间动词的一般过去时态。主句如用一般过去时,则从句用过去完成时。

2. It is…when…

本句型中的when引导的是一个时间状语从句,主句中的it指时间,表语由具体的时间充当。

3. It looks (seems) as if...

本句型中的as if引导一个状语从句,常译为“看起来好像……”。如果与事实不相符合,则用虚拟语气.

例1 It looks as if he is ill (真的病了) .

例2 It looks as if he were ill (没有生病) .

Exercises:

一.单项选择

1.It was at the gate ____ he told me the news.

A. thatB. what C. which D. when

2.Is ____necessary to tell his father everything

A. it B. that C. what D. he

3.Was it in this palace ____ the last emperor died?

A. thatB. in whichC. in where D. which

4.Is ____ possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship?

A. now B. man C. that D. it

5.Was it during the Second World War ____he died?

A. thatB. whileC. in which D. then

6.Is ____necessary to complete the design before National Day?

A. thisB. that C. it D. he

7.I don't think ____possible to master a foreign language without much memory work.

A. this B. that C. its D. it

8.Does ____matter if he can't finish the job on time?

A. thisB. that C. heD. it

9.It was not ____she took off her dark glasses ____ ,I realized she was a famous film star.

A. when; that B. until; that C. until; when D. when; then

10.Tom?s mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but ____didn?t help.

A. he B. which C. sheD. it

11.____is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.

A. There B. This C. That D. It

12. Is ________ possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship?

A.now B.manC.thatD.it

13.Our food and service are better than ________ used to be.

A.itB.we C.theyD.them

14.________ appears to me ________ the report must be truth.

A.That; it B.It; that C.It; itD.That; that

15.He feels ________ duty to help others.

A.that he B.that his C.it he D.it his

16.Take ________ easy. The roads are icy.

A.it B.themC.us D.you

17.The TV sets made in China are much better than ________ in Japan.

A.thatB.thoseC.themD.It

18.—— Have you found the bike you lost yesterday?

—— Yes, I've found ________ already.

A.it B.thatC.the oneD.that one

19.—— I'm looking for a flat.

—— Would you like ____ with ____ garden?

A.it; the B.it; a C.one; a D.one; the

20.________ was ________ who I met in the museum this morning.

A.It; himB.It; he C.That; he D. That; him

21.It was in the rice fields ________ we had our League meeting.

A.where B.that C.in whichD.on which

22.________ you come to the party so late?

A.Why is it B.Why it is

C.Why it is that D.Why is it that

23.—— Were all three people in the car injured in the accident

—— No, ___ only the two passengers ___ got hurt.

A.they were; that B.there was; that

C.it was; whoD.there are; who

24.I don' t think ________ possible to master a foreign language without much memory work .

A.thisB.that C.itsD.it

25.It was not ________ she took off her glasses ________ I realized she was a famous film star.

A. when; thatB. until; thatC. until; whenD. when; then

26.It was not until 1920 ____ regular radio broadcasts began.

A.while B.which C.thatD.since

27.________ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.

A.ThereB.ThisC.That D.It

28.It was about 600 years ago ________ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.

A.that B.untilC.before D.when

29.It was only when I reread his poems recently ____ I began to appreciate their beauty.

A.until B.that C.then D.So

30.I hate ______ when people talk with their mouths full.

A.it B.that C.these D.them

31.—— Why don't we take a little break?—— Didn't we just have ________ ?

A.it B.that C.oneD.this

32.Was it during the Second World War ____ he died?(MET88)

A.that B.While C.in which D.Then

33.Is ____ possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship?(MET88)

A.now B.that C.it D.Man

34.I don't think ___ possible to master a foreign language without much momory work.(MET90)

A.This B.that C.its D.It

35.___ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.(NMET95)

A.There B.This C.That D.It

36.It was about 600 years ago ___ the first clock with face and an hour hand was made. (NMET97)

A.that B.until C.before D.when

37.____computers play such an important part in our daily life?

A.Why it is that B.Why is it that

C.Why was it that D.Why is it

38. Was it during the Second World War _____he died?

A. thatB. whileC. in whichD.then

39. Is ____ necessary to take off our shoes when we enter the lab?

A. everyone B.this C.her D.it

40. Is ____ possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship?

A.now B.thatC.it D.man

41. I don?t think ___ possible to master a foreign language without much memory work.

A.thisB.thatC.itsD.it

42. She heard of a terrible noise, ___ brought her heart into her mouth.

A.it B.whichC.this D.that

43. Alice received an invitation from her boss, ____ came as a surprise.

A.it B.that C.whichD.he

44. Does ____ matter if he can?t finish the job on time?

A.this B.thatC.he D.it

45.Tom?s mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but ____ didn?t help.

A.he B.whichC.she D.it

46.The weather turned out to be very good, ___ was more than we could expect.

短文改错it篇三:高中英语短文改错,附答案

I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. She is our monitor and one of the excellent student in our class. Although she is clever, but she works very hard. We have a lot on common and have a lot to talk about. One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out. She was doing her homeworks one Sunday morning when she smelt something burning. She stopped look out of the window and find a cloud of smoke coming out of her neighbour’s house. She called 119 immediate. Ten minutes later, the firemen came and put out fire. Her neighbour was very thankful for her help.

改错二

I went to see the film after supper. On my way the cinema, I met an English woman, who lost her way. I gave up the chance see the film and took her to her hotel. While go there, I told her about great changes that had been taken place in the past few years and she had told me anything about her country. Although I missed the film, I still felt very happy, for I had not only helped her out of trouble but practise my spoken English. If I had not worked hard on English, I would have been able to help him.

改错三

Dear Ralph,

I'm a senior student. I'm getting well with a boy in my class. But I have fallen in love with him for almost half a year. He is shy boy, so I wrote him a letter first to express my feeling. He wrote back. In his letter he said, "We are students. Our task is study hard. Let us to wait and see whether we have some chance after graduation." So after graduation I telephoned to him, ask him about going out. But he said he didn't want to. He just wanted to sleep and watched TV. What do you think I should do? Do you think I should continue to love him and give up?

改错四

Dear Bob,

Hello. I learn about you from my English teacher, Miss Fang. I’d like to your penfriend, and get to know more about your country.

First, let me tell you something more about myself. My name is Li Hua. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. I go to Hongqi Middle School. We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese, English and physics. I use to play ping-pong a lot on my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. Do you play any ball games? What your (来自:www.nmgsyfdc.com.cn 蒲公英文 摘:短文改错it)favorite sport? I look forward to hear from you soon.

Yours,Li Hua

Two months ago, I went to abroad for further study. Before I left, I was given a lot present. Among them, there were two presents which were really interested me. My sister buys me a book with color pictures about body language and with words about customs of different country in them. My brother gave me a note which read, “My present has put in your bedroom.” When I hurried into my bedroom, I found a box, in that there was an electronic dictionary. I was very glad but a few surprised to receive these two presents.

改错六

Dear Li Ming,

I have received your letter yesterday. Don’t worry about you. I’m getting along well with my research works in the lab. But, to my surprising, you say you will give up learn English. The reason is that you have not done well in it recently and you have lost interesting. I’m afraid I can’t agree with you. I know it is not easy to learn English, and English is widely used in the world today and it will be important tool in your future work. Besides, it is becoming more and more important at our daily life. If you study hard, you will succeed. Do remember where is a will, there is a way.

改错七

Some students don’t like talking about their parents often as if their parents love them very much. Are you going on well with your parents? You and your parents will be very happy if you can be friend. Here are some way to have a good talk with them. Find a good time to talk, like when you’re eating dinner, going out for walk and watching TV. Tell them something you’re interested in, or ask them about their life when they are young. They love to talk about our past! Meet them face to face and listen to them carefully. Be honesty, and your parents will trust you more.

改错八

One afternoon Jack is walking down a river along. It was very cold day and on the river few boats could be seen.When he stopped on a bridge and look down, he saw a terrible scene. A boy fell of a canoe(独木舟) and was struggling in the water.Without think about herself, Jack jumped into the river and to save the boy. He was about to drag(拖) the boy to the river bank then he saw some people stand in a motor boat under the bridge. One of them stared Jack and said angrily, “They are making a film and you’ve spoiled a whole afternoon’s work!”

答案:

改错一:who's 改为whose 2.正确 3.去掉but 4.on改为in 5.parents后加were 6.homeworks改为homework 7.stopped后加to 8.find改为found 9.immediate改为immediately 10.fire前加the

改错二: the改为a 2.正确 3.see前加to 4.go改为going 5.去掉been 6.

去掉had 7.去掉but

8.去掉had 9.on改为at 10.him改为her

改错三:1.getting 后加on或along 2.fallen改为been 3.shy前加a 4.feeling改为feelings 当情感讲时feeling常用单数 5.study前加to或study改为studying 6.去掉to 7.去掉to 8.watched改为watch 9正确 10.and改为or

改错四:1. learn 改为 learnt或learned。2. to 后加 be 或 become。3. 删去more。第一次告诉 Bob 关于自己的一些事情, 此处用 more 不合逻辑。4. where 改为 which。在此非限定性定语从句中, 关系词在从句中作主语, 故用 which。5. 此行无错。6. subject 改为 subjects。quits a few 意为“相当多”, 修饰可数名词复数。7. use 改为 used。据下文 but now 可知, 此处应用used to do 表示“过去常常 做某事”。8. interesting 改为 interested。be interested in?为固定短语, “对??感兴趣”。9. What 后加 is。此句无谓语。10. hear 改为 hearing。look forward to doing sth.为固定短语。

改错五:答案:

76.去掉to 短语错误。go abroad“出国”。

77.present→presents 名词的数错误。present“礼物”,是可数名词。

78.去掉第二个were 动词错误。interest在此是及物动词用法,意为“使??感兴趣”。be interested in“对??感兴趣”。

79.buys→bought 时态错误。由全文可知,用一般过去时态。

80.√

81.them→it 代词错误。在这本书里有关于肢体语言的图片和不同国家的语言习俗。用it指代这本书。

82.put前加been 语态错误。我的礼物被放在了你的卧室里了。礼物是被放在卧室里,所以用被动语态。

83.that→which 定语从句关系词错误。介词后用which,不用that。

84.but→and 连接逻辑错误。前后是并列关系而非转折关系。

85.few→little 混淆错误。a little 与 little 可以用作副词, 表示“有点”“稍稍” ,修饰动词、副词、形容词或介词短语。如:He is a little tired.他有点累了。而a few不可用作副词。

改错五 1.have去掉2.about后的you改为me 3.works→work 4.learn→learning

5.recent→recently 6.interesting→interest 7.English后的and改为but 8.be后加an

9.at→in 10.where后加there

改错六41. about→with/to 根据句意,可知此处是表达“和父母交谈”,而不是“谈论父母”。

42. as→even if 意为“好像”,与句意不符;根据句意,此处应是表达让步关系。故用even if ,意为“即使”。

43. going→getting get along well with 是固定短语,意为“和…相片融洽”。

44. √

45. way→ways some在此处修饰可数名词复数。

46. walk前加a go out for a walk意为“出去散步”

47. and→or 此处表选择关系。

48. are→were “他们年轻时候”应用动词的过去式。

49. our→their 和they保持一致。

50. honesty→honest 形容词honest 作表语。

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