高中英语短文翻译

发布时间:2017-02-14 来源: 短文摘抄 点击:

高中英语短文翻译篇一:人教版高中英语课文原文和翻译

必修1 第一单元

Reading 阅读

ANNE’S BEST FRIEND

Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.

安妮最好的朋友

你想不想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友?或者你会不会担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮?弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友,所以她把的日记视为自己最好的朋友。

Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so the had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hide away for two years before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.

在第二次世界大战期间,安妮住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人,所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否则就会被德国的纳粹分子抓去。她和她的家人躲藏了25个月之后才被发现。在那段时期,她的日记成了她唯一忠实的朋友。她说:“我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把我的日记当作自己的朋友,我把我的这个朋友叫做基蒂。”现在,来看看安妮自1942年7月起躲进藏身处后的那种心情吧。

Thursday 15, June, 1944

Dear kitty,

I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.

?For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time some months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…

?Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

Yours,

Anne

1944年6月15日,星期四

亲爱的基蒂:

我不知道这是不是因为我太久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂

热。我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里之后,这一切都变了。

??比如说,有一天晚上天气很暖和,我故意熬到晚上11点半都不睡觉,为的就是能独自好好地看看月亮。但是因为月光太亮了,我都不敢打开窗户。还有一次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是开着的,我一直呆到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。漆黑的雨夜,刮着大风,电闪雷鸣,乌云滚滚,我完全被这种景象镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次亲眼目睹的夜晚??

??不幸的是??我只能透过那满是灰尘的窗帘下那脏兮兮的窗户看看大自然。只能隔着窗户看那大自然实在没意思,因为大自然是需要真正体验的东西。

你的安妮

Using Language 语言运用

Reading and listening读与听

1 Read the letter that Lisa wrote to Miss Wang of Radio for Teenagers and predict what Miss Wang will say. After listening, check and discuss her advice.

Dear Miss Wang,

I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. We often do homework together and we enjoy helping each other. We have become really good friends. But other students have started gossiping. They say that this boy and I have fallen in love. This has made me angry. I don’t want to end the friendship, but I hate others gossiping. What should I do?

Yours,

Lisa

1 读读琳达为青少年写给电台王小组的这封信,然后王小姐可能会怎么说。听完录音之后,核对并讨论她的建议。

亲爱的王小姐:

现在我同班上的同学有些麻烦事。我跟我们班里的一位男同学一直相处的很好。我们常常一起做家庭作业,而且很乐意互相帮助。我们成了真正好朋友。可是,其他同学却在背后议论起来,他们说我和这位男同学在谈恋爱,这使我很生气。我不想中断这段友谊,但是,我又讨厌人家背后说闲话。我该怎么办呢?

你的莉萨

Reading and writing读与写

Miss Wang has received a letter from Xiaodong. He is also asking for some advice. Read the letter on the right carefully and help Miss Wang answer it.

王小姐收到小冬的一封来信。小冬是要征求一些意见。仔细阅读右边的信,然后帮王小姐回复。

Dear Miss Wang,

I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School. I have a problem. I’m not very good at communicating with people. Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to make good friends with them. So I feel quite lonely sometimes. I do want to change this situation, but I

don’t know how. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.

Yours,

Xiaodong

亲爱的王小姐:

我是湖州高中的一名学生,我有一个难题,我不大善于与人们交际。虽然我试着和班上的同学交谈,但是,我还是很难跟他们成为好朋友。因此,有时候我感到十分的孤独。我确实想改变这种现状,但是我却不知道怎么办。如果您能给我提些建议,我会非常感谢的。 你的小东

2 Decide which are the best ideas and put them into an order. Then write down your advice and explain how it will help. Each idea can make one paragraph. The following sample and the expressions may help you

Dear Xiaodong,

I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you follow my advice. Here are some tips to help you.

First, why not…?

If you do this,…

Secondly, you could / can …

Then / That way, …

Thirdly, it would be a good idea if …

By doing this, …

I hope you will find these ideas useful.

Yours

Miss Wang

2 决定哪些是最好并把它们按顺序组织起来。然后把你的建议写出来,并解释它为什么会有所帮助。每个想法可以自成一个段落。下面的例子和表达可能对你有所帮助。

亲爱的小冬:

很遗憾听说你在交朋友的过程中遇到了困难。但是,如果你听听我的建议,这种情况是很容易改变的。这些建议会对你有所帮助。

第一,为什么不??呢?

如果你这样做??

第二,你可以??

这样的话??

第三,如果??那将是个不错的主意。

通过做??

我希望你会发现这些想法对你有所帮助。

你的王小姐

LEARNING TIP 学习建议

It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. It can help you remember past events. You can express your feelings and thoughts in it. It will help you improve your English if you write your diary in English. Why not have a try?

写日记对你来说是一个好习惯。它可以帮你记住一些过去发生的事件。你还可以在日记中表达你的情感和思想。如果你用英语写日记的话,还可以帮助你提高英语水平。为什么不试一试呢?

第二单元

Reading 阅读

THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH

At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before. 通向现代英语之路

在16世纪末,大约有五至七百万人讲英语。几乎所有这些讲英语的人都住在英格兰。在其后的一个世纪中,英格兰人为征服世界航海到了世界其他一些地方,结果世界的其他地方的人们也开始说英语了。今天,把英语作为自己的第一语言、第二语言或外语来使用的人比以往任何时候都多。

Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:

British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?

American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment.

以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲不是同一种英语,他们也能彼此听懂。请看看这个例子: 英国人贝蒂:来看看我的公寓吗?

美国人艾米:好的,我来看看你的公寓吧。

So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoken first Danish and later French. These new settlers eiched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries.

那么,随着时间的推移英语为什么发生了变化呢?实际上,当不同文化相互交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展和变化。开始,英格兰人在大约公元450年到1150年之间所说的英语与我们今天所说的英语很不一样。当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,不像我们现在说的英语。后来,大约在公元800年至1150年之间,英语慢慢变得不那么像德语,因为统治英格兰的那些人开始是说丹麦语,(来自:www.nmgsyfdc.com.cn 光兵文学网:高中英语短文翻译)后来说法语。这些新来的定居者丰富了英语语言,尤其是丰富了英语词汇。所以到17世纪初的时候,莎士比亚能够得以使用比以往任何时候都丰富的词汇。1620年一些英国定居者来到了美洲,后来到了18世纪的时候,一些英国人还被带到了澳大利亚。英语也就开始在这两个国家使用。

Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.

最后到19世纪的时候,英语这种语言就变得稳定了。当时,英语的拼写发生了两个很大的变化:先是塞缪尔?约翰逊编写了他的英语词典,后是诺亚?韦伯斯特出版了《美国英语词典》。后者使得美式英语的拼写有了其独特的个性。

English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.

现在英语在南亚地区也被作为外语或第二语言使用。比如,印度就有很多人说英语说得很流利,因为在1765年到1947年之间英国统治着印度。在此期间,英语成了印度政府和教育所用的语言。在新加坡和马来西亚以及像非洲的南非,人们现在也说英语。当今,在中国学英语的人数正在快速增加,事实上,中国可能是学英语人数最多的国家。中国式英语是否也能发展成一种具有自己独特个性的语言?这还有待时间去证明。

Using Language 语言运用

STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS

What is standard English? Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand? Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English. This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. When people use words and expressions different form “standard language”, it is called a dialect. American English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects. Even in some parts of the USA, two people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently. American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.

Geography also plays a part in making dialects. Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect. When Americans moved form one place to another, they took their dialects with them. So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA. The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.

什么是标准英语?是在英国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、印度、新西兰所说的英语吗?信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。许多人认为,电视和收音机里所说的英语就是标准英语,这是因为在早期的电台节目里,人们期望新闻播音员所说的英语是最好的英语。然而,

高中英语短文翻译篇二:高中英语必修1课文逐句翻译(人教新课标)

1. 必修一Unit1安妮最好的朋友

Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts?你是不是想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through?或者你是不是担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前经历的困境呢?Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.安妮·弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友,于是她就把日记当成了她最好的朋友。

Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II.安妮在第二次世界大战期间住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。Her family was Jewish so they had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis.她一家人都是犹太人,所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否则他们就会被德国纳粹抓去。She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered.她和她的家人躲藏了将近25个月之后才被发现。During that time the only true friend was her diary.在这段时间里,她唯一的忠实朋友就是她的日记了。She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.”她说,“我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把这本日记当作我的朋友,我要把我这个朋友称作基蒂”。Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.安妮自从1942年7月起就躲藏在那儿了,现在,来看看她的心情吧。

Dear kitty,亲爱的基蒂:

I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound.我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。That’s changed since I came here.自从我来到这里,这一切都变了。

…For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself.…比方说,有天晚上天气很暖和,我熬到11点半故意不睡觉,为的是独自好好看看月亮。But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window.但是因为月光太亮了,我不敢打开窗户。Another time five months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open.还有一次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是开着的。I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut.我一直等到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…漆黑的夜晚,风吹雨打,雷电交加,我全然被这种力量镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚……

…Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows.……令人伤心的是……我只能透过脏兮兮的窗帘观看大自然,窗帘悬挂在沾满灰尘的窗前。It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.观看这些已经不再是乐趣,因为大自然是你必须亲身体验的。

Yours,

Anne你的安妮

2. 必修一Unit 1 Using Language

Dear Miss Wang, 亲爱的王小姐:

I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. 我同班上的同学有件麻烦事。 I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. 我跟我们班里的一位男同学一直相处很好.We often do homework together and we enjoy helping each other. 我们常常一起做家庭作业,而且很乐意相互帮助。We have become really good friends. 我们成了非常好的朋友。But other students have started gossiping. 可是,其他同学却开始在背后议论起来.They say that this boy and I have fallen in love. This has made me angry.他们说我和这位男同学在谈恋爱,这使我很生气。I don’t want to end the friendship, but I hate others gossiping. What should I do? 我不想中断这段友谊,但是我又讨厌人家背后说闲话。我该怎么办呢?

Reading and writing

Dear Miss Wang,尊敬的编辑:

I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School.我是湖州高中的一名学生。I have a problem. I’m not very good at communicating with people.我有一个难题,我不太善于同人们交际。Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to make good friends with them.虽然我的确试着去跟班上的同学交谈,但是我还是发现很难跟他们成为好朋友。So I feel quite lonely sometimes.因此,有时候我感到十分孤独。I do want to change this situation, but I don’t know how.我确实想改变这种现状,但是我却不知道该怎么办。I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.如果您能给我提些建议,我会非常感激的。

Yours,

Xiaodong

3. 必修一Unit2 THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH

通向现代英语之路

At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. 16世纪末期大约有5百万到7百万人说英语. Nearly all of them lived in England.几乎所有这些人都生活在英国。Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.后来,在17世纪英国人开始航海征服了世界其它地区。于是,许多别的国家开始说英语了。Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before.如今说英语的人比以往任何时候都多,他们有的是作为第一语言来说,有的是作为第二语言或外语。

Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以互相交流。请看以下例子:

British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?

英国人贝蒂:“请到我的公寓(flat)里来看看,好吗?”

American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment.

美国人艾米:“好的。我很乐意到你的公寓(apartment)去。”

So why has English changed over time?那么,英语在一段时间里为什么会起变化呢?Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other.事实上,当不同文化互相交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展,有所变化。At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.首先,在公元450年到1150年间,人们所说的英语跟今天所说的英语就很不一样。It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。Then gradually between about AD 800 and

1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French.然后,渐渐地,大约在公元800年到1150年期间,英语不那么像德语了。因为那时的英国的统治者起初讲丹麦语后来讲法语。These new settlers eiched the English language and especially its vocabulary.这些新的定居者大大丰富了英语语言,特别是在词汇方面。So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.所以到17世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都大。In 1620 some British settlers moved to America.在1620年,一些英国人搬迁到美洲定居。Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries. 后来,到了19世纪,有些英国人也被送往澳大利亚,两个国家的人都开始说英语了。

Finally by the 19th century the language was settled.最后,到20世纪,英语才真正定形。At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language.那时,英语在拼写上发生了两大变化:首先,塞缪尔·约翰逊编写了词典,后来,诺厄·韦伯斯特编纂了《美国英语词典》,The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.后者体现了美国英语拼写的不同特色。

English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia.现在,英语在南亚也被当作外语或第二语言来说。For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.比如说,印度拥有众多讲英语很流利的人,这是因为英国于1765年到1947年统治过印度。During that time English became the language for government and education.在那期间,英语成了官方语言和教育用语。English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa.在新加坡、马来西亚和非洲其它国家,比如南非,人们也说英语。Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.目前在中国学习英语的人数正在迅速增长。In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners.事实上,中国可能拥有世界上最多的英语学习者。Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.中国英语会发展出自己的特色吗?这只能由时间来回答了。

4. 必修一Unit2 STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS标准英语和方言

What is standard English?什么是标准英语?Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand?是在英国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、印度、新西兰所说的英语吗?Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English.许多人认为,电视和收音机里所说的就是标准英语。This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.这是因为在早期的电台节目里,人们期望新闻播音员所说的英语是最好的英语。However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.然而,在电视和收音机里,你也会听出人们在说话时的差异。

When people use words and expressions different from “standard language”, it is called a dialect.当人们用不同于“标准语言”的词语时,那就叫做方言。American English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects.美国英语有许多方言,特别是中西部和南部地区的方言,以及黑人和西班牙人的方言。Even in some parts of the USA, two people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently.在美国有些地区,即使是相邻城镇的两个人所说的语言都可能稍有不同。American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.美国英语之所以有这么

多的方言是因为美国人是来自世界各地的缘故。

Geography also plays a part in making dialects.地理位置对方言的产生也有影响。Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect.住在美国东部山区的一些人说着比较古老的英语方言。When Americans moved from one place to another, they took their dialects with them.当美国人从一个地方搬到另一个地方时,他们也就把他们的方言随着带去了。So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.因此,美国东南部山区的人同美国西北部的人所说的方言就几乎相同。The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken.美国是一个使用多种方言的大国。Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.虽然许多美国人经常搬迁,但是他们仍然能够辨别、理解彼此的方言。

5. 必修一Unit 3JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG

沿湄公河而下的旅程

PART 1 THE DREAM AND THE PLAN第一部分梦想与计划

My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.我的名字叫王坤。从高中起,我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想作一次伟大的自行车旅行。Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one.两年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地自行车,然后还说服我买了一辆(山地车)。Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming.去年她去看望了我们的表兄弟——在昆明读大学的刀卫和宇航。They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries.他们是傣族人,在云南省西部靠近澜沧江的地方长大,湄公河在中国境内的这一段叫澜沧江,在其他国家(境内)叫湄公河。Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling too.很快,王薇使表兄弟也对骑车旅游产生了兴趣。After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip.大学毕业以后,我们终于有了机会骑自行车旅行。I asked my sister, "Where are we going?"我问我姐姐:“我们要去哪儿?” It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。Now she is planning our schedule for the trip.现在她正在为我们的旅行制定计划。

I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming. She can be really stubborn.我很喜欢我姐姐,但是她有一个很严重的缺点。她有时确实很固执。Although she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。Now, I know that the proper way is always her way.于是,我就知道这个尽善尽美的方式总是她的方式。I kept asking her, "When are we leaving and when are we coming back?" I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet.我不停地问她,“我们什么时候出发?什么时候回来?”我还问她是否看过地图。Of course, she hadn't; my sister doesn't care about details.当然她并没有看过——我的姐姐是不会考虑细节的。So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province.于是,我告诉她,湄公河的源头在青海省。She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she would not change her mind.她给了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be excited about it.我说,我们的旅行将从5, 000多米的高地出发,这时她似乎显得很兴奋。When I told her the air would be hard

to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience.当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸困难,而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give in.我非常了解我的姐姐,她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。最后,我只好让步了。 Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library.在我们旅行前的几个月,王薇和我去了图书馆。We found a large atlas with good maps that showed details of world geography.我们找到一本大型地图册,里面有一些世界地理的明细图。From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain.我们从图上可以看到,湄公河发源于西藏一座山上的冰川。At first the river is small and the water is clear and cold. Then it begins to move quickly.起初,江面很小,河水清澈而冷冽,然后它开始快速流动。It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province.它穿过深谷时就变成了急流,流经云南西部。Sometimes the river becomes a waterfall and enters wide valleys.有时,这条江形成瀑布,进入宽阔的峡谷。We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China.我们俩惊奇地发现这条河有一半是在中国境内。After it leaves China and the high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown and warm.当流出中国,流出高地之后,湄公河就变宽了,变暖了,河水也变成了黄褐色。As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows.而当它进入东南亚以后,流速减缓,河水蜿蜒缓慢地穿过低谷,流向生长稻谷的平原。At last, the river delta enters the South China Sea.最后,湄公河三角洲的各支流流入中国南海。

6. 必修一Unit3 夜晚的西藏山景

PART 2 A NIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS第二部分山中一宿

Although it was autumn, the snow was already beginning to fall in Tibet.虽然是秋天,但是西藏已经开始下雪了。Our legs were so heavy and cold that they felt like blocks of ice.我们的腿又沉又冷,感觉就像大冰块。Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles?你看到过雪人骑自行车吗?That's what we looked like!我们看上去就像那样。Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us.一路上,一些身着羊毛大衣的孩子们停下来看着我们。In the late afternoon we found it was so cold that our water bottles froze.下午晚些时候,我们发现由于天冷我们的水壶都冻上了。However, the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful.然而,湖水在落日的余晖下闪亮如镜,景色迷人。Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She is very reliable and I knew I didn’t need to encourage her.像往常一样,王薇在我的前面,她很可靠,我知道我用不着给她鼓劲儿。To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised by the view. We seemed to be able to see for miles.上山很艰难,但是当我们环顾四周,(眼前的)景色让我们感到惊奇,我们似乎能看到几百里以外的地方。At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds.在某个时刻,我们发现自己置身高处,彷佛骑车穿越云层。Then we began going down the hills.It was great fun especially as it gradually became much warmer. 然后我们开始下山,这非常有趣,特别是天气逐渐变得暖和多了。In the valleys colourful butterflies flew around us and we saw many yaks and sheep eating green grass.在山谷里,五彩斑斓的蝴蝶翩翩飞舞在我们身旁,我们还看到牦牛和羊群在吃草。At this point we had to change our caps, coats, gloves and trousers for T-shirts and shorts.这时,我们不得不把帽子、外衣、手套和长裤脱掉,换成T恤衫和短裤。

In the early evening we always stop to make camp. We put up our tent and then we eat.一到傍晚,我们通常就停下来宿营,(于是),我们先把帐篷支起来,然后吃饭。After supper Wang

高中英语短文翻译篇三:高中英语阅读理解(附答案、解析、翻译)[1]1

Passage 1

There are stories about two U.S . presidents,Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren,which attempt to explain the American English term OK.We don?t know if either story is true,but they are both interesting.The first explanation is based on the fact that President Jackson had very little education.In fact,he had difficulty reading and writing.When important papers came to Jackson,he tried to read them and then had his assistants explain what they said.If he approved of a paper.he would write“all correct”on it.The problem was that he didn?t know how to spell.So what he really wrote was“ol korekt”.After a while,he shortened that term to“OK”.

The second explanation is based on the place where President Van Buren was born,Kinderhook,New York.Van Ben?s friends organized a club to help him become President They caned the club the Old Kinderhook Club,and anyone who supported Van Buren was called“OK”.

31. A. believes both of the stories B.doesn?t believe a word of the stories

C.is not sure whether the stories are true D. is telling the stories just for fun

32. According to the passage,

A.couldn?t draw up any documents at all B. didn?t like to read important papers by himself

C.often had his assistants sign documents for him D .wasn?t good at reading,writing or spelling

33.According to the first story, the term “OK” A. was approved of by President Jackson B.was the title of some Official documents

C.was first used by President JacksonD.was an old way to spell“all correct’’

34 .According to the second story,the term‘‘OK”

A.was the short way to say‘‘old Kinderhook Club” B.meant the place where President Van Buren was born

C.was the name of Van Buren?s clubD.was used to call Van Buren?s supporters in the election

35.According to the second story.the term“OK”was first used __

A.by Van Buren B.in a presidential election

C.to organize the Old Kinderhook ClubD.by the members of the‘‘Old Kinderhook Club”

Passage 2

Although the United States covers so much land and the land produces far more food than the present population needs,its people are by now almost entirely an urban society Less than a tenth of the people are engaged in agriculture and forestry(林业),and most of the rest live in or around towns,small and large.Here the traditional picture is changing:every small town may still be very like other small towns,and the typical small town may represent a widely accepted view of the country,but most Americans do not live in small towns any more.Half the population now lives in some thirty metropolitan areas(1arge cities with their suburbs、of more than a million people each—a larger proportion than in Germany or England,let alone France.The statistics(统计)of urban and rural population should be treated with caution because so many people who live in areas classified as rural travel by car to work in a nearby town each day.As the rush to live out of town continues.rural areas within reach of towns are gradually filled with houses,so that it is hard to say at what moment a piece of country becomes a suburb But more and more the typical American lives in a metropolitan rather than a small town environment.

36.If now America has 250 million people.how many of them are engaged in agriculture and forestry?

A.About 25 million. B.More than 25 million.

C.Less than 25 million.D. Less than 225 million

37.Which of the following four countries has the smallest proportion of people living in metropolitan areas?

A.United States. B.Germany. C.France.D.England.

38.What’s the meaning of the word“metropolitan”in the middle of the passage?

A .Of a large city with its suburbs. B.Of small and large towns.

C.Of urban areas. D.Of rural areas.

39.According to the passage,what can we learn about small towns in the United States?

A Most small towns become gradually crowded B.Small towns are still similar to each other.

C.As the traditional picture is changing,towns are different. D .Small towns are turning into large cities

40.Why is it hard to say when a piece of country becomes a suburb?

A.Because they are the same. B.Because the rush takes place too quickly

C.Because the process is gradual. D.Because more and more Americans live in metropolitan areas.

Passage 3

If we were asked exactly what we were doing a year ago,we should probably have to say that we could not remember But if we had kept a book and had written in it an account of what we did each day,we should be able to give an answer to the question.

It is the same in history Many things have been forgotten because we do not have any written account of them Sometimes men did keep a record of the most important happenings in their country,but often it was destroyed by fire or in a war.Sometimes there was never any written record at all because the people of that time and place did not know how to Write.For example,we know a good deal about the people who lived in China 4,000 years ago, because they could write and leave written records for those who lived after them.But we know almost nothing about the people who lived even 200 years ago in central Africa. because they had not learned to write.

Sometimes.of course,even if the people cannot write,they may know something of the past.They have heard about it from older people,and often songs and dances and stories have been made about the most important happenings,and these have been sung and acted and told for many generations For most people are proud to tell what their fathers did in the past.This we may call ?remembered history’.Some of it has now been written down. It is not so exact or so valuable to us as written history is,because words are much more easily changed when used again and again in speech than when copied in writing.But where there are no written records,such spoken stories are often very helpful.

41. Which of the following ideas is not suggested in the passage?

A.“Remembered history”,compared with written history,is less reliable

B.Written records of the past play the most important role in our learning of the human history.

C.A written account of our daily activities helps US to be able to answer many questions.

D.Where there are no written records.there is no history.

42.We know very little about the central Africa 200 years ago because ___

A.there was nothing worth being written down at that time

B .the people there ignored the importance of keeping a record

C.the written records were perhaps destroyed by a fire

D.the people there did not know how to write

43.“Remembered history”refers to ___.

A.history based on a person?s imagination

B .stories of important happenings passed down from mouth to mouth

C .songs and dances about the most important events

D .both B and C

44.“Remembered history”is regarded as valuable only when ____.

A. it is written down B .no written account is available

C.it proves to be timeD.people are interested in it

45 .The passage suggests that we could have learned much more about our past than we

do now if the ancient people had _____

A.kept a written record of every past event B. not burnt their written records in wars

C.told exact stories of the most important happenings D.made more songs and dances

Passage4

When Mrs.Joseph Groeger died recently in Vienna,Austria,people asked the obvious,“Why did she live to be 107?”Answers were provided by a survey conducted among 148 Viennese men and women who had reached the age of 100.Somewhat surprising was the fact that the majority had lived most of their lives in cities.In spite of the city’s image as an unhealthy place,city living often provides benefits that country living can lack.One factor seems to be important to the longevity(长寿)of those interviewed.

This factor is exercise.in the cities it is often faster to walk short distances than to wait for a bus.Even taking public transportation often requires some walking.Smaller apartment houses have no elevators(电梯),and so people must climb stairs.City people can usually walk to local supermarkets Since parking spaces are hard to find,there is often no alternative to walking.

On the other hand,those who live in the country and suburbs do not have to walk every day.In fact,the opposite is often true.To go to school,work,or almost anywhere else,they must ride in cars.

31.The Vienna survey may help to explain _____

A.the complaints of people in apartment houses B.the cause of Mrs Groeger?s death

C.the longevity of people like Mrs.Groeger D. the image of cities in general

32.The purpose of the second paragraph is to list some _____

A.benefits of walking B.occasions for walking in city life

C. comments made by city people D.problems of city living

33.To reach the third floor of a building.it would probably be most healthful __

A. to take the elevator B.to walk up the stairsC.to ride in a car D.to find an alternative to walking

34.People who live in the country probably do more driving than walking because __

A.they don?t live near business areas B. they don?t need the exercise

C.they never have parking problems D.they can’t afford to take the bus

35.

A.air pollution is not serious B.anyone can live to be 107

C.country people should move to the city D.walking is a healthful exercise

Passage 5

For any Englishman,there can never be any discussion as to who is the world?s greatest dramatist(剧作家).Only one name can possibly suggest itself to him:that of William Shakespeare Every Englishman has some knowledge,however slight,of the work of our greatest writer.All of US use words,phrases and quotations from Shakespeare?s writings that have become part of the common property of the English-speaking people.Most of the time we are probably unaware of the source of the words we used,rather like the old lady who was taken to see a performance of Hamlet and complained that it was full of well—known proverbs and quotations.

Shakespeare,more perhaps than any other writer,makes full use of the great resources of the English language.Most of US use about five thousand words in our normal use of English;Shakespeare in his works used about twenty-five thousand.

There is probably no better way for a foreigner to appreciate the richness and variety of the English language than by studying the various ways in which Shakespeare used it.Such a study is well worth the effort(it is not,of course,recommended to beginners)even though some aspects of English usage,and the meaning of many words,have changed since Shakespeare?s day.

36. English people ______

A.have never discussed who is the world?s greatest dramatist

B.never discuss any issue concerning the world?s greatest dramatist

C.are sure who is the world?s greatest dramatist

D.do not care who is the world?s greatest poet and dramatist

37.Every Englishman knows ______

A.more or less about Shakespeare B.Shakespeare,but only slightly

C.all Shakespeare?s writings D.only the name of the greatest English writer

38. A.We use all the words,phrases and quotations from Shakespeare?S writings.

B.Shakespeare?s writings have become the property of those who are learning to speak English.

C.It is likely to be true that people often do not know the origins of the words they use

D All the words people use are taken from the writings of Shakespeare

39.What does the word “proverb” A.Familiar sayings B.Shakespeare?s plays. C.Complaints.D.Actors and actresses.

40.

A.English words have changed a lot since Shakespeare’S time.

B.By doing SO one can be fully aware of the richness of the English language

C. English words are now being used in the same way as in Shakespeare?s time

D. Beginners may have difficulty learning some aspects of English usage

Passage 6

Trees are useful to man in three very important ways:they provide him wood and other products;they give him shade;and they help to prevent drought(干旱)and floods.

Unfortunately,in many parts of the world,man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important.In his eagerness to draw quick profit from the trees,he has cut them down in large numbers

Two thousand years ago,a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships,with which to gain itself an empire It gained the empire but,without its trees,its soil became bare and poor.When the empire fell to pieces,the country found itself faced by floods and starvation.

Even where a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees,it is difficult sometimes to make the people realize this.They cut down the trees but are too careless to plant and look after new trees So,unless the government has a good system of control,or can educate the people,the forests slowly disappear

This does not only mean that there will be fewer trees.The results are even more serious:for where there are trees,their roots break the soil up,allowing the rain to sink in, and also bind the soil.This prevents the soil from being washed away.But where there are no trees,the rainfalls on hard ground and flows away on the surface,and this causes floods and the rain carries away the rich topsoil in which crops grow When a11 the topsoil is gone.nothing remains but worthless desert.

41.Trees are useful to man mainly in three ways,the most important of which is that they can ____

A. keep him from the hot sunshine B.enable him to build warships

C.make him draw quick profit from themD .protect him from droughts and floods

42.It’s a great pity that ____

A.man is only interested in building empiresB.man is eager to profit from trees

C.man hasn?t realized the importance of trees to himD. man hasn?t found out that he has lost all trees

43.Sooner or later the forests will disappear ______.

A. unless a country has a plenty supply of trees B.unless people stop cutting down their trees

C.unless aIl people are taught the importance of planting trees

D.unless the government punishes those who cut trees instead of planting them

44.The word“bind”in Paragraph 5 means“_____”

A.to wash awayB.to make wet C.to make stay togetherD.to improve

45. When there is a heavy rain.trees can help to prevent floods.A.keep rain from falling down to soft ground B,cause the soil to allow rainwater to sink in

C.prevent the soil from being washed away D .make the topsoil stick together

Passage 7

Some of the notebooks George Washington kept as a young man are still in existence. They show that he was learning Latin,was very interested in the basics of good behavior in society,and was reading English literature.

At school he seems only to have been interested in mathematics.In fact,his formal education was surprisingly brief for a gentleman,and incomplete For unlike other young Virginian of that day,he did not go to the College of William and Mary in the Virginian capital of Williamsburg.In terms of formal training then,Washington contrasts sharply with some other early American Presidents such as John Adams,Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.In later years,Washington probably regretted his lack of intellectual training He never felt comfortable in a debate in Congress(国会),or on any Subject that had not to do with everyday,practical matters And because he never learned French and could not speak directly to the French leaders,he did not visit the country he admired SO much.Thus,unlike Jefferson and Adams,he never reached Europe

31.Why didn? A.His family could not afford it.B A college education was rather uncommon in his time.

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