短文翻译练习

发布时间:2017-02-15 来源: 短文摘抄 点击:

短文翻译练习篇一:汉译英短文翻译练习2

汉译英短文翻译练习

一、教育

1949年之前,中国的教育很落后,只有少数高等学校和部分中等学校。这些学校大都集中在的城市和几个沿海省份。许多县城没有中学,在山区和偏远地区甚至连小学都很少见。1949年以后,初等教育开始普及,高等教育得到了快速的发展。

Suggested words and phrases:

教育 education 落后 backward

高等学校 institutions of higher learning初等教育 elementary education 高等教育 higher education中等学校 secondary schools 山区 mountain areas 偏远地区 remote areas

沿海省份 coastal provinces

Before 1949, education in China was very backward. There were only a small number of institutions of higher learning and secondary schools. Universities and middle schools were clustered mainly in big cities and a few of the coastal provinces. Many countries had no secondary schools, and in mountain areas and remote areas primary schools were even rare. After 1949, the elementary education began to be made universal, and the higher education developed rapidly.

考试是学校教育的一个重要组成部分,在我国由来已久。自唐代以来,人们一直沿用传统的考试方法,而对“考试”的概念不能正确理解。考试不是简答地按分数给学生“排队”,而是对“教”和“学”的衡量,以及提供有益于改进教与学的信息。

Suggested words and phrases:

由来以及 started very early沿用 adhere to

概念 concept 按分数 according to the grades 给学生排队 evaluate the students 衡量 measure, evaluate

改进教与学 improve teaching and learning

Examination is an important part of school education, which stared very early in our country. Since Tang Dynasty, people always adhere to the traditional way of examination, and misunderstand its correct concept. The examination is not simply to evaluate students according to the marks they get in examination, but to measure the teaching and learning and to provide the information which will help to improve teaching and learning.

二、经济

中国政府将进一步改善投资环境,认真执行有关的涉外经济法律,集中力量办好已建成的中外合资企业。我们将鼓励多办一些利用现有企业进行技术改造的中外合资企业,推动传统产业的技术进步。

Suggested words and phrases:

投资环境 environment for investment 认真执行 faithfully implement 集中力量 concentrate on中外合资企业 joint ventures

现有企业 existing enterprises 技术改造 retool, technological transformation

技术进步 advance technologically

The Government of China shall keep improving the environment for investment, faithfully implement economic laws concerning foreign nations and firms, and concentrate on the successful operation of existing joint ventures. We should encourage the establishment of more joint ventures which will help retool China’s existing enterprises so that they will assist the traditional industries to advance technologically.

本文提出了一种新的对中国人均GNP的计算方法。世界银行估算,我国人均GNP已达2000美元。本文认为这一计算有一定的局限性,通过新的计算方法,认为我国人均GNP为700美元。

Suggested words and phrases:

世界银行 the World Bank计算方法 method of calculation 估算 estimate 局限性 limitation

This paper proposes a new method of calculate China’s GNP per person. The World Bank estimates that GNP per person in China has reached $2000. The paper states that the World Bank’s estimation has certain limitation. Through a new calculation, it is believed that the Chinese GNP per person is $700.

每个国家都需要进口本国不生产的货物,并需要创收外汇支付这些货物。进口货物可以使国内产品有了竞争,而出口可为厂商提供更为广阔的市场。无论是进口或出口,其目的是为了促进生产,活跃市场。

Suggested words and phrases:

创收外汇 earn foreign exchange (currency) 进口货物 imported goods

厂商 manufacturers 进口或出口 import or export 活跃市场 enliven the market

Every country needs to import the goods that it doesn’t produce and needs to earn foreign exchange to pay for the imported goods. Imported goods can bring about the competition to the domestic goods, while exporting goods may provide a wider market to the manufacturers. No matter it is for import or export, the main purpose is to promote the production and enliven the market.

三、社会文化

在中国,空气污染、水污染等已经给国家和人民造成了相当大的损失。中国政府十分重

视环境保护工作,并且把保护环境和控制人口都列为基本国策。全国人民代表大会还制定了一些保护环境、防治污染的法律。

Suggested words and phrases:

造成损失 cause a loss to制定。。。法律 make a law of (to) … 列为 be listed as十分重视 attach importance to … 全国人民代表大会 The National People’s Congress

基本国策 fundamental national policies

In China, air pollution and water pollution have already cost the nation and people dearly. The Government of China has attached great importance to environment protection, and has listed environmental protection and population control as fundamental national policies. The National People’s Congress has made laws to protect the environment and control the pollution.

不吸烟者的权利问题在许多国家里开始讨论。迄今为止,许多国家很少或还没有采取措施。众所周知,吸烟有害健康。从长远的观点看,如果能完全禁止吸烟,那么人们的境况将得到很大的改善。但显然,我们对此尚无准备。

Suggested words and phrases:

不吸烟者 nonsmokers 尚无准备 not ready for

采取措施 take action 从长远观点看 in the long run 禁止吸烟 ban smoking境况 circumstances

Talk of nonsmokers’ right is going on in many countries. Up to now, many countries have taken little or no action. It is known to all that smoking is harmful to our health. In the long run, if smoking were completely banned, people would be much better off, but obviously, we are not ready for that.

短文翻译练习篇二:作文-翻译-练习

作文、翻译、改错练习

一、作文

说明:本学期作文所使用的样文都来自朱篱老师编写的、由北京外语教学与研究出版社即将出版的《英语专业八级考试最终测试》一书。这些样文文字流畅,文笔优美,文辞丰润。对许多学生来说,写出流畅优美的作文确非易事,但对样文中的一些用词用句可以吸纳之。另外要留心样文的写作套路(议论文或说明文)、段落衔接的手段和技巧、开头段的写法、句式的多样化、辞格的运用等,这样自己的作文才能有更好的成绩。

Privacy Endangered

George Orwell in his novel 1984 depicted a totalitarian state Oceania where the inhabitants are ruled by the dictator Big Brother. It is not the atrocities but the surveillance over people through telescreens that marks the rule of Big Brother. Everyone is watched by the Party and “Big Brother is watching you” is a constant reminder. George Orwell had intended his novel to be a science fiction, but unfortunately what was in George Orwell’s prefrontal cortex has become a reality in the 21st century when people’s privacy is flagrantly violated.

One violation of personal privacy results from the information age and the digital technologies. In processing computer information and using digital technologies we at the same time give away everything about ourselves. Not long ago a computer hacker got access to people’s names, addresses, email address, passwords, logins, and more on Sony’s PlayStation with millions of customer accounts exposed. Even if you are very careful about your personal information, you can still be victimized as far as your behaviors, preferences, or habits are concerned. Google, for example, keeps tabs at everything that you do with the search engine. Through the use of cookies, Google records your Internet IP address, the time and date, your search terms, and your browser configurations. It is no exaggeration that Google is Big Brother writ large.

Even if you are digitally reclusive, you are not safe. In the name of preventing crimes, many cities have mounted surveillance cameras in public places. London’s CCTV (closed-circuit television) makes it one of the most monitored cities in the world. China has installed a whopping three million surveillance cameras with about three surveillance cameras for every 1000 people in the country. It is true that surveillance cameras can deter crimes in public places, but at the same time people are mercilessly exposed before the camera. Everyone has seen the camera shot posted on the Internet of a male driver fondling a woman’s breast while driving. Of course the man’s action is a breach of decency, but the fact that the photo was leaked out constitutes a breach of personal privacy. Isn’t it creepy that when you make out in the street someone at the other end of the camera takes a voyeuristic peek?

Although the protection of personal privacy is not written into the constitution, the tacit knowledge is that privacy is something to be respected if not safeguarded. As our lives become more digitized, which is supposed to build a customized world for each individual, our privacy, paradoxically, is endangered, and privacy will increasingly become an endangered species.

评语:这是一篇说明文。作者通过George Orwell的作品1984引出文章主题,非常自然。段落之间的衔接没有使用连词,而是通过文章的内在逻辑,例如第二段的violation和第一段进行衔接,第三段的digitally和第二段进行衔接。文章例证充分。文章的修辞手段包括metonymy(prefrontal cortex是指大脑和想象力有关的部分,用来代表Orwell 的想象力),

repetition和parallelism(breach of decency, breach of personal privacy),rhetorical question(Isn’t it creepy that when you make out in the street someone at the other end of the camera takes a voyeuristic peek?)metaphor(endangered species)等。

First Impressions Don’t Count

In everyday life, it is inevitable that we encounter unknown people. To get to know these people, ’t agree more with the latter.

As a famous saying goes, “you can’t judge a book by its cover.”where interpersonal relationships are becoming increasingly complex. More often than not, what you get in your first encounter is contrary to what you uncover as time goes on. For example, TV dating shows are all the craze nowadays, but they are just cheap entertainment without really serving the function of successfully pairing people off. Participants make themselves out to be as presentable as possible with careful attention to their appearance, their language, and their demeanor. But once we get to the bottom of personality, values and habits, we see little correlation between the two.

’s suppose a situation where a job applicant goes for an interview. Either because he is not in the mood or because he is nervous, he may project to the interviewer a false persona, far removed from his real performance and personality. Can we jump to the conclusion that he is not a suitable candidate simply because he happens to have got up on the wrong side of the bed or suffer “stage fright”?

Finally, first impressions are extremely ueliable when they are associated with myths and stereotypes. We tend to think that a bespectacled person is learned and therefore cultivated, a pretty girl is dumb, and a person dressed unconventionally can be wildly nonconformist. This kind of associations don’t bear scrutiny, however, when countless examples are offered to the contrary. My classmate, Lucy, is a stunning beauty, and she is not spectacled, and she is avant-garde as far as dressing is concerned. But she is a high achiever and has become the buff of envy in our class.

Someone may argue that in today’s fast-paced world it is crucial to make quick judgments so as to grab opportunities or save lives. But 评语:这是一篇议论文。该文句式多样(下划线部分),用词优美(all the craze(风靡),make out(假装),get to the bottom of(弄明白),bear scrutiny(经得起检验),buff(对象,目标),gut feeling(直觉),snap judgment(草率的决定))。

更多开头段的写法

Is college education necessary? This question has generated heated debates. Some hold the view that post-middle school education is a stepping stone to success, while others contend that (议论文)

Recently a TV commentator has made a splash by criticizing the graduate studies here in China. He believes that students continue with graduate studies in order to avoid a competitive job market and, instead of pursuing academic research, they just sit for another round of college studies and because such studies offer them many benefits. (议论文)

The word “education” often conjures up the idea of getting knowledge through educational establishments like schools and universities, and this kind of education takes up a certain chunk of one’s life rather than spreads across one’s entire lifetime. However, since the time of Plato, education has been seen as a process that is not limited to a certain period of time but occurs in stages throughout one’s life, and the words of Harvard President Drew Gilpin Faust (说明文)(哈佛校长的原话是:Education should prepare people for a lifetime, not just a single career.)

2009年考生真题作文(18分)

It was recently reported that employees at subway stations in a large city was going to adopt various dialects as their service languages, in an effort to facilitate services provided to passengers from all over the country. I find these efforts unnecessary, and I think that dialects are by no means acceptable in public places.

First and foremost, it is known to all that mandarin is the standard service sector language throughout the country, and that the promotion of mandarin has so far brought about many What’s more, the wide use of mandarin serves to the development of our society in that it makes communications smoother and easier. forget about the borderline between public discourses and private ones.

It is all the more to argue that speaking dialects in serving customers provides better service. It is not possible for one to learn to speak all the languages around the world, and it is the same case with dialects. Learning all the major dialects spoken around the country involves two passengers from Shanxi and Guangdong respectively at the same time, and if he only knows how to speak Cantonese to provide service?unfairness. who have an intimate bond with their born dialects, maybe they could be very kind to speak them indoors, rather than out in the street.

评语:这是篇议论文。该考生语言功底深厚,文字流畅,表达地道,组句能力突出,词汇量丰富。

二、翻译

中译英

在纽约地铁里没有人说话,没有旁若无人、声贯车厢的交谈,更没有肆无忌惮的浪谝和浪

短文翻译练习

笑。偶尔有相识的人打招呼或说点什么,也是轻微到只让对方听见就行了。据说,美国法律没有关于在地铁里大声喧哗违法的条律。大家都不说话,显然不是美国人生性寡言,也不是法律制约或罚款强迫制裁的结果,那是一种社会生活的无形的公约,自然的习惯,个人的修养。(翻译方法包括分译法、抽象译法、意译法、省译法、合译法、转性译法等。)

英译中

The age at which young children begin to make moral discriminations about harmful actions committed against themselves has been the focus of recent research into the moral development of children. Until recently, child psychologists supported pioneer developmentalist Jean·Piaget in his hypothesis that because of their immaturity, children under age seven do not take into account the intentions of a person committing accidental or deliberate harm, but rather simply assign punishment for transgressions on the basis of the magnitude of the negative consequences caused. Children under age seven occupy the first stage of moral development, which is characterized by moral absolutism (rules made by authorities must be obeyed) and imminent justice (if rules are broken, punishment will be meted out). Until young children mature, their moral judgments are based entirely on the effect rather than the cause of a transgression.(具体的翻译方法包括分译法、转性译法、增译法、省译法、转句法、缩句译法、正反译法等。)

三、改错

Fashion is a powerful cultural and economic influence in

developed societies. Just as men compete with one other so do (1) __________ women. Women want to stand out and are noticed. To wear (2) __________ something beautiful, if not outrageous, does just this. It gives a

woman a competitive advantage with the regard to other women.(3) __________ The most bright coloured and scented flowers in the otherwise (4) __________ verdant green of a tropical jungle tend to attract the most visits from

potential insect pollinations. How many women, when they ask (5) __________ another woman what she is wearing to a function, do because(6) __________ they want to make sure they are wearing the same thing? To be

fashionable is also an indication of status because, initially in any

case, designer wearing is expensive and beyond the reach of most. (7) __________ It indicates status, power, and access to resources. Fashion, initially

outrageous, is then copied by other women so that in definition (8) __________ it becomes less outrageous and more the norm. However, the(9) __________ boundary keeps moving far back so that the outrageous (10) __________ has to become even more extreme.

(改错考查的内容包括:词汇知识,固定短语即搭配,句法知识、上下文逻辑。在做题时一定要了解短文的内容,理解每个句、词的意思,有意识地查找词汇错误(词义和词形错误)、固定短语即搭配错误、语法错误、上下文逻辑错误、多词、少词等。

短文翻译练习篇三:英语短文翻译练习

? 1. On the opposite side of the street was a restaurant of no great pretensions. It catered to large appetites and modest purses. Its crockery and atmosphere were thick; its soup and napery thin.

在街道的另一侧有一个不太豪华的饭店,适合于饭量很大却并没有什么钱的人去饱餐一顿。那里的餐具粗糙,气氛沉闷,汤味寡淡,餐巾薄透。 ?

? 2. And he rightly shows us the usefulness , for the formation of a nation, of

an ethnic majority, but at the same time of a multiplicity of

nationalities , ...

? 他向我们展示了它的有用之处,对于构成一个国家的多数民族,然而同时又对

于民族的多样性…….

? 3. He was a craggily handsome, tenacious worker, noted among his fellow artists for his personal integrity before his international fame began in the 1950s

他是一位极为英俊又顽强的工人,在20世纪50年代,他开始在国际上享有盛誉之前,他就在同道艺术家中享有正直诚实之声誉。 ?

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? 4. “What had happened,” he said,“was a normal aberration.” 他说:发生的那件事属正常情况。 5. He halted in the district where by night are found the lightest street, hearts, vows, and librettos. 他在那个地区停下来,那儿有夜晚时最为光亮的街道,最明澈的心灵,最真挚

的誓词,最美妙的歌词。

? 6. (part I)One of my favorite moments of the day is among the last -- the

last conscious one, anyway. After several attempts at keeping my eyelids from fluttering closed and the book from collapsing onto my chest, I know it really is time to go to sleep. I affectionately place the book on the bed beside me. We sleep together, me and my book, me and those characters, me and my mixed-up dreams.

Reading in bed seems to run in families. The last time my mother babysat for me, I got home to find the house dark except for two small lights. One came from my son's room, where I discovered the eight-year-old holed up under the covers with Goosebumps and a flashlight. At the other end of the house, my mother had already dozed off with her book.

Somewhere in the middle is me, a grown-up version of the girl who used to camp out under covers with Nancy Drew(神探南希), a

foreshadowing(铺垫) of a baby-sitting grandma whose sons will come

home to find Mom snoozing contentedly beneath her paperback(平装本书籍). (181 words ?

一天中,我最爱的时刻之一就是在最后那有意识的时。我试图不让我的眼睛闭上,不

让我的书滑落至胸膛,几次努力之后,我知道是时候去睡觉了。我亲切地把书放在床上紧挨着我。我和我的书,书中的人物,以及各种混杂的的梦----我们一同入睡。

躺在床上看书的习惯似乎是代代相传的。我妈妈最后一次帮我照顾孩子时,我回到家

后发现屋子里黑漆漆的,只有两处微弱的灯光。一个是来自于我儿子的房间,我发现八岁的他躲在被子里,打着手电筒,看着Goosebumps。在房子的另一尽头处,我的妈妈已经捧着她的书打起了瞌睡。

在这场景中的某些地方有我的影子,我已经长大成熟,曾经的我常常露营时带着《神

探南希》来看,这预示着我将来也会是这样一位照看孩子的奶奶,她的儿子也将回到家后发现她正在抱着平装书,心满意足地打着盹儿。

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