发布时间:2017-02-15 来源: 短文摘抄 点击:


1 Dogs

People often say that a dog is man's best friend. Over thousands of years, man has taught his dogs to do many kinds of work besides guarding the home. For example, sheepdogs are famous for their ability to control a flock of hundreds of sheep.

Dogs have been used to aid disabled people for centuries. A guide dog can lead its blind owner. Nowadays, dogs can be taught to turn on light switches, open refrigerator doors and dial the telephone for their disabled owners. For the majority of people, however, dogs are simply pets and friends for both young and old members of the family.

guard 看守,看护 sheepdog 牧羊犬 flock 群 aid 帮助

disabled 残疾人 century 世纪guide dog 导盲犬 dial 拨 majority 大多数






2 Detective Work

A bank robber stole a lot of money. He was caught and sent to prison, but the money was never found. When he came out of prison, they watched him to see what he would do. Here is the detective, reporting to the inspector. "Yes, sir, I found Johnny . I followed him all around the town, but frankly, I couldn't make anything out of what he bought. Here's the list."

shirt , heavy crowbar, box of chocolates , shovel, heavy hammer, bunch of flowers .The inspector said, "Good. That helps me a lot. Do you remember how we watched him helping his neighbour, old Mrs. Judson to cover her backyard with cement?

detective 侦探的侦探 robber 强盗,盗贼 prison 监狱

inspector 检察官 frankly 坦白地,真诚地 crowbar 铁撬,撬棒

shovel 铲,铁铲 hammer 铁锤,锤子 backyard 后院 cement 水泥


一个盗贼从银行偷了很多钱。他被抓住送到监狱,但是钱没找到。 当他从监狱出来时,他被监视,看他会做什么。这不,侦探正向检察官报告:“是的,先生,我发现了强尼•阿米塔基,我跟着他转遍了全镇,但坦白说,我不能从他买的东西中推断出什么。这里是清单。” 衬衫、大铁撬、一盒巧克力铁铲、大铁锤、一束花 。


3 What is Time? (Nursery Rhyme)

Time is grain for peasants.

Time is wealth for workers.

Time is life for doctors.

Time is victory for soldiers.

Time is knowledge for students.

Time is speed for scientists.

Time is money for businessmen.

Time is everything for all of us.

Therefore, seize the time of today!

grain 粮食wealth 财富 victory 胜利 seize 抓住,把握





4 Perfect Match

A rich woman is so proud of a valuable antique vase that she decides to have her bedroom painted the same colour as the vase. Several painters try to mix the colour right, but none comes close enough to satisfy the woman.

Eventually, a painter comes. He is confident that he can mix the proper colour. The woman is pleased with the result, and the painter becomes famous. Years later, he retires and turns the business over to his son. "Dad,"asks the son, "there's something I've got to know. How did you get

those walls to match the vase so perfectly?"

"Son,” the father replies, "I painted the vase."

proud of 自豪 valuable 值钱的antique vase 古董花瓶 paint 用油漆漆

satisfy 满意 eventually 最终 confident 有信心的 retire 退休

match 和??相配




几年后,漆匠退休了,他把生意交给了儿子。“爸爸,”儿子问,“有件事我想知道。你是如何调配出和花瓶一样的颜色的?” “儿子,”父亲回答,“我把花瓶也一起漆了。”

5 A Barbecue



English Language

I m interested in English. English is a very important language. It is widely used all over the world. If you travel around the world, you’ll find English everywhere. It is widely used for business between different countries. If you know English, you can enjoy many books. It s really a bridge to much knowledge.

I have learned many English words. I hope I can talk with foreigners in English and let them know our country better. Some people say the world is smaller than before.


An Unforgettable Challenge

When I was ten years old, I began to chat with foreigners. But I was very shy. Gradually, I became more and more confident with foreigners’ help. The following year, I went to Yangzhou with two foreigners. I became their guide. First, we came into the Shouxi River. They wanted to look around the river by boat. I told them the price. Then we got into the boat. When we looked out at the sight, we all felt very beautiful. After that, they went to buy souvenirs. The sellers couldn’t speak English. Though it was very hard, I tried my best to listen to their words carefully and translate the sentences. They bought some souvenirs with my help. Next, we went to a small zoo, and we took some photos. There were not many animals. When we felt hungry, we went out and had lunch. After lunch, we visited some old houses. They learned more about Chinese history.

This wasn’t only a big challenge but also an unforgettable challenge. This opportunity made me confident and brave.I hope I can catch many opportunities in the future, then I can speak English, because I think practice makes perfect.


My Dreams

I want to be a teacher when I listen to my teacher carefully. I think I can be a teacher when I grow up. I can help many students learn things well. I can play with my students, too. So we are good friends. I want to be a doctor when I see many doctors save their patients. To be a doctor is really great. I think I can be a doctor when I grow up. Then I can help many people out of danger. I will be the happiest girl in the world. I want to be a reporter when I watch TV every evening. We can get lots of important information from them. They make the world smaller and also make us happy. I would like to be a reporter when I

grow up. And I can learn a lot about China and the other countries around the world. I can meet many superstars as well.I have lots of dreams. I think my dreams can come true one day, because there’s an old saying “where there is a will, there is a way.”


My school day

Hi, I’m xxx. I'm 14 years old and I study in Laoshan School. My school is not very big. Every morning I get up at seven and have breakfast. And then I go to school at half past seven. At eight twenty, we begin our morning reading. Lessons begin at nine o’clock. We have four lessons in the morning and Chinese is my favourite lesson. We usually have 10 minute's break between two lessons and at about 12:30 we finish our morning lessons. I have lunch at school at twelve thirty, too. I like school lunch and I always have rice with meat and vegetables. After lunch I often talk with my friends or play basketball with them. In the afternoon lessons start at half past one and finish at four thirty. I play games after school with my friends and then go home at five. In the evening I do my homework and then watch TV. At ten o’clock I go to bed. It’s really a busy day but I like it.


Healthy eating

My name is xxx. I am 14 years old. I want to be a doctor when I grow up. To be a doctor, I must be healthy. It is important for a doctor to be healthy.

Before, I seldom ate vegetables. Because I disliked vegetables. I liked sweet snacks. They taste delicious but they are not good for me. They give me energy but they are not healthy. So I must change my diet. Now, I eat a bowl of rice for breakfast, and I often eat an egg. For lunch, I usually eat a bowl of soup, vegetables and a bowl of rice. I eat meat and vegetables for dinner. If I want to be healthier, I must exercise. So I changed my lifestyle. Now, I often exercise once a week. I do not eat snacks or fast food any more. So I think I am healthy.And I am very happy. I hope everybody is healthy and happy.


Eating taste

People in different parts of our country have very different ideas about what is good to eat. In our country, for example, people from the south like to eat rice, however, people living in the north prefer bread or noodles. The people of Hunan or Sichuan enjoy hot food. But people of Shanghai or Suzhou will choose sweet dish.

Even if people live in the same part of the country, their tastes may be very

different. Old people and young ones have different tastes; men and women also have their different preferences. In a restaurant, some customers order soups that is thick and heavy, while others drink soup that is thin and clear. A few people only eat vegetables. They don’t like fish or chicken.

Therefore, it is not easy for restaurants to satisfy the needs of all the customers. To increase their business, the restaurants in the cities try their best to make foods in different kinds and different styles. They sometimes add new names of dishes with different tastes to their menus for customers.


Protect our environment

As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse .In some places we can’t see fish swimming in the river or trees on the hills. Some people even have no clean water to drink. So I think we must do something to

. .But what can we do? How to protect our environment? In fact, there are many things we can do. Firstly, we can go to school on foot or by bike and don’t throw rubbish everywhere. Secondly, we can use shopping baskets but not plastic bags when we go shopping. Last but not least, we can use both sides of the paper when we write. In a word, if everyone pays more attention to our environment, there will be less pollution and our life will be better.

“There is only one earth”, we should act at once. I hope everyone will protect our environment well.



Water is very important for living things. Without water there can be no life on earth. All animals and plants need water. Man also needs water.

Water is found almost everywhere. Even in the driest part of the world

there is some water in the air.

As we all have found out, water may be a solid, or a liquid or a gas. When it is a solid, it may be as hard as stone, When it’s a liquid, you can pour it out of a container. When it is a gas, you cannot see or feel it.

Although about 70 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water, there are many places in the world still running out of water. So we should make good use of water on earth.


Be brave to the earthquake

Everyone has some unforgettable experiences. An earthquake

happened in Sichuan Province on Monday, May 12, 2008. It is the most

dangerous earthquake in Chinese history. Many people were killed. A large number of houses fell down. I was shocked. When I see theses picture on TV, my eyes were filled with tears.

Now, more and more people and volunteers go to disaster area to help people who are in trouble. I was moved. I wanted to do something for people in the disaster areas, too. I thought although I couldn’t go to Sichuan like the soldiers and the doctors, I still wanted to try my best to help them. I took out all my pocket money and threw it into the donation box.

I hope they can rebuild their homeland early. I believe that if every-one makes a contribution for our country, we can overcome any difficulties.


Freedom and Peace

Almost everyday we can see there are always a huge number of pigeons enjoying the sunbath in some large squares, but do you often care what a white pigeon stands for? That is peace.

For hundreds of years, people always regard pigeons as a represent of freedom and peace. That is because of not only its lovely pure figure, but also its great passion to the outside world. Till now, I still can't help thinking of such a picture: In Iraq, a boy was watching a white pigeon over his head. The background was full of wounded solders and guns. Thus, this lovely white pigeon was contrastive to this iced background and gave people a deep consideration. Suddenly, a thought comes into my mind: Why there have been so many wars in the world just for someone's own interest? Why can't people live like as mall pigeon with freedom? I hope there will not be wars,




Aremote Patagonian town that's just beginning to prosper by guiding tourists through the virgin forests nearby is being shaken by the realization that it's sitting on a gold mine. Literally. More than 3,000 worried Esquel residents recently took to the streets in protests aimed at assuring that their neat community of 28,000 beco mes an ecotourism center, not a gold-rush town.

巴塔哥尼亚一处偏远的小镇因为发展附近一处原始林的观光业正渐趋繁荣,在这个节骨眼,却如晴天霹雳般得知,当地原来蕴含金矿。没错。三千多位忧心如焚的艾斯圭尔居民最近走上街头抗议,要求将这处拥有两万八千居民的净地作为生态旅游中心,不要沦为淘金城。Esquel's plight is winning attention from international conservation and environmental groups such as Greenpeace. In Argentina, the town has become a national symbol in the debate over exploitation vs. preservation of the country's vast natural resources.


About 3.2 million acres already are under contract for mineral exploration in poor and sparsely settled Chubut Province, where Esquel is, near the southern tip of South America. Whether Meridian Gold Corp. gets its open-pit gold mine outside Esquel could determine the fate of mining in Patagonia, a pristine region spanning southern Argentina and Chile.


Meridian's project, about 5 miles outside Esquel at a higher elevation, is about 20 miles from a national park that preserves rate trees known as alerces, a southern relative of California's giant sequoia. Some of them have been growing serenely in the temperate rain forest for more than 3,000 years.


The greatest fear is that cyanide, which is used to leach gold from ore, will drain downhill and poison Esquel's and possibly the park's water supplies. The mine will use 180 tons of the deadly chemical each month. Although many townspeople and some geologists disagree, the company says any excess cyanide would drain away from Esquel.


"We won't allow them to tear things up and leave us with the toxic aftermath," said Felix Aguilar, 28, as he piloted a boatload of tourists through a lake in the Alerces National Park. "We take care of things here, so that the entire world can hear and see nature in its pure state. The world must help us prevent this."


American Douglas Tomkins, the founder of the Esprit clothing line and a prominent global conservationist, has bought more than 800,000 wilderness acres in Chile to preserve alerces and protect what's left of the temperate rain forest. Ted Turner, the communications magnate, also has bought land in Argentine Patagonia with an eye to conservation.



A young English botanist named Charles Darwin, the author of the theory of evolution, was the first European to see alerces, with trunks that had a circumference of 130 feet. He gave the tree its generic name, Fitzroya cupressoides, for the captain of his ship, Robert Fitzroy.


Argentina, pressed by the United States, Canada, the World Bank and other global lenders, rewrote its mining laws in the 1990s to encourage foreign investment. Mining companies received incentives such as 30 years without new taxes and duty-free imports of earth-moving equipment.


Argentina took in more than $1 billion over the past decade by granting exploration contracts for precious metals to more than 70 foreign and domestic companies. If the country were to turn away a major investor, the message to its mining sector would be chilling.


Residents also complain that Argentina hasn't given nature-based tourism a chance."If the government invested in us a tenth of the effort they put into mining, things would be a lot different here," grumbled Randal Williams, 73, who rents tourist cabins in Esquel.


Forest ecologist Paul Alaback, a University of Montana professor who studies the alerces, said Argentine authorities could gain from Alaska's successful nature-based tourism. "Nature-based tourism would mean less jobs immediately but would be sustainable. You'd be building on something that is going to grow, not going to go away," he said.


关 键 词

ecotourism // n. 生态旅行

We should protect our natural environment and support ecotourism.我们应该保护自然环境,支持生态旅游。

pristine // adj. 原始的

The forests on the Alps are still in pristine region, unspoiled by industrialization.


span // v. 横跨,跨越

The government spent two years building a red bridge spanning the gorge.


elevation // n. 海拔

The lake on the mountain at an elevation of about 350 meters is our first stop.


leach // v. 过滤

Nitrogen is easily leached from soil because it is more easily dissolved.氮因为较容易溶解,所以很容易就可以从土壤中过滤出来。

toxic // adj. 有毒的

People in Nazi concentration camps were slaughtered using toxic gas.纳粹集中营里的人们惨遭毒气杀害。

prominent // adj. 著名的,重要的

Lili played a prominent part in the case.


magnate // n.(实业界)巨头,巨子

The press magnate decided on a merger with another company to expand his empire.


英语短文:Of Studies

STUDIES serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment, and disposition of business. For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one ;but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best, from those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar. They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning, by study; and studies themselves, do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience......


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