发布时间:2017-02-16 来源: 短文摘抄 点击:


A- Community-Helps-Burmese-Refugees-Learn-English

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

About eighteen thousand refugees from Burma have come to the United States each year since two thousand seven. Some have settled in Howard County, Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington. A local school began teaching English to the children of the refugees.

But while the children learned the language, their parents did not. That makes communication with teachers difficult.

Burmese children in class in Howard County, MarylandCurrently almost fifty Burmese youngsters attend Bollman Bridge Elementary School. Laurel Coan is a teacher there.

LAUREL CONRAN: "The main idea is the global idea."

She teaches English to speakers of other languages.

LAUREL CONRAN: "Today we were doing text structures. I wanted them to know the vocabulary, the language of text structures, so when they go back into the classroom and work with their peers, they can do this successfully in the classroom."

One of her students is Tha Neih Ciang. Another student is Tha Neih's mother, Tin Iang. Ms. Coan practices English with Tin Iang at the mother's workplace. Many Burmese refugees work at Coastal Sunbelt Produce, a supplier of fruits and vegetables to restaurants and other businesses.

Laurel Coan started classes at the company to help refugees from the country also known as Myanmar learn English.

LAUREL CONRAN: "The program is a six-week session. It's once a week, on every Wednesday, from twelve to one o'clock. So every Wednesday I go to Coastal Sunbelt."

As the Burmese workers eat lunch, they also practice their new language skills. They sit in small groups with an English-speaking volunteer.

Lisa Chertok has a child at Bollman Bridge. She is also a manager at Coastal Sunbelt. She helped Ms. Coan develop the lessons, which she says have really helped.

LISA CHERTOK: "Well, when the Burmese employees got here, they were very, very shy. Now I find that they are more responsive as employees. They're more communicative. They're also, as parents, they are more involved in their children's school."

Jonathan Davis is the principal of Bollman Bridge Elementary School.

JONATHAN DAVIS: "I really see it as the beginning of a great partnership between a business and a school, and we've just begun to scratch the surface with how that could benefit, really, the greater community."

Mr. Davis hopes the lessons will help Burmese parents feel better about communicating with the school.

JONATHAN DAVIS: "Even as simply as making a phone call to say that their son or daughter is sick, even if that's the amount of English that they have gotten from the program, that truly will help us."

SPEAKER: "Please welcome Laurel Coan and Lisa Chertok."

For their work, the two women received a Community Builders Award from Howard County.

LAUREL CONRAN: "I love this program. As a community we want to work together, collaboratively, because when everybody works together it is a win-win situation."

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. You can read, listen and learn English and much more with our programs and activities at tingvoa.com. You can watch a video about the Howard County program on our website. And you can find captioned videos at the VOA Learning English channel on YouTube. I'm Steve Ember.

Contributing: June Soh


SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: This is SCIENCE IN THE NEWS, in VOA Special English. I'm SHIRLEY Griffith.

MARIO RITTER: And I'm Mario Ritter. Today, we tell about an American study of heart attack survivors. We tell about a scientist recognized for his work in plate tectonics. And we tell how modern-day musicians rated some of the most famous instruments ever made.


SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Learning about the death of a loved one can be among life's most stressful events. A recent study showed that the risk of heart attack increases in the days and hours after getting news of such a death. Researchers studied nearly two thousand heart attack survivors. The subjects were asked whether someone close to them had died in the six months before their heart attack.

Elizabeth Mostofsky is with Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts.

ELIZABETH MOSTOFSKY: "We found that the risk of having a heart attack was twenty-one times higher in the day following the loss of a loved one, compared to other times. And that risk remained elevated in the subsequent days and weeks."

MARIO RITTER: Elizabeth Mostofsky says earlier research explored the risk of dying from any cause over a year or more after the death of a husband, wife or child. The earlier research did not include the death of other close family members or friends.

Ms. Mostofsky and her team studied information from the days immediately after receiving the news. She says several things could explain why the intense feelings after the death of a loved one could lead to a heart attack.

ELIZABETH MOSTOFSKY: "Grief causes feeling of depression, anger, and anxiety, and several studies have shown that these emotions can cause increased heart rate, higher blood pressure, and blood clotting. And those in turn, can increase the chances of having a heart attack.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Ms. Mostofsky says the family and friends of those mourning for a loved one should know about the increased risk of heart attack.

ELIZABETH MOSTOFSKY: "People should be making sure that the bereaved person is taking care of himself or herself, including taking regular medications, because they are at that heightened level of vulnerability at this time in their life."

Her research paper was published in "Circulation," the journal of the American Heart Association.


MARIO RITTER: A few weeks ago, we talked about the science of plate tectonics. Plate tectonics explains why the Earth's surface moves. It also tells how?those changes cause earthquakes and volcanic activity.?Today, we tell about a scientist who helped

prove the theory of continental drift. Walter C. Pitman, the third, is an adjunct professor of geophysics at Columbia University. Now in his eighties, he works at Columbia's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, New York.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: When Walter Pitman was a teenager, he enjoyed visiting his father's workplace at Bell Labs research center. He remembers asking the researchers about their work.

WALTER PITMAN: "I worked there in the summertime sweeping floors but I was in amongst all these people. It was wonderful."

Walter PitmanWalter Pitman studied electrical engineering and physics in college. He then went to work for an electronics company. He was not excited about the work, until one project – doing research on submarines – fueled a love for oceanography.

Mister Pitman returned to school. For his doctoral studies, he went back to sea on a research vessel. He hoped to gather evidence that all the continents had once been joined. He thought they had been moving apart on large plates for hundreds of millions of years.

MARIO RITTER: Walter Pitman helped prove the idea that Earth's continents move. He did this by recording and studying magnetic patterns at the bottom of the ocean.

WALTER PITMAN: "It was electrifying. I didn't imagine ever being involved in anything so astonishing and so very, very important to the geologic sciences at such a young age in my career. I was very fortunate to be there when it all happened."

The science of plate tectonics explains how the continents move around the oceans. It also explains how continents can strike each other and break apart, creating earthquakes and mountain chains.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Later, Mr. Pitman turned his attention to the surface of the ocean, and sea level changes. He and William Ryan, another Columbia University geophysicist, proposed what is known as the Black Sea Deluge Theory. They suggested that the Black Sea was once a landlocked freshwater lake. Then about seven thousand five hundred years ago, melting ice from glaciers raised water levels in the Mediterranean Sea.

WALTER PITMAN: "You're talking about a huge mass of water coming in to fill a very small basin. And that water as it would come through the Bosporus is going to cut the Bosporus deeper. The deeper it cuts, the faster it flows. The faster it flows, the faster it cuts. There is a feedback mechanism. So soon you start with a trickle and within a very short period of time, it's a roaring, raging flume of water and we're very sure that's what it (the Biblical flood) was, you know."

MARIO RITTER: Mr. Pitman and other researchers are currently studying the climate of the Arctic Ocean. And they are exploring its effects on water cycles over the past two million years. Their research could help scientists predict the effects of climate change, which is causing sea levels to rise.

WALTER PITMAN: "I've had an incredible, incredibly good time at this kind of endeavor. There are bad spots, of course there are bad spots. But the science is always fascinating. You might, you know, stop reading for the day or something like that and say, ‘Wow, that was so great. I learned something about how the Earth works.' That is really pure pleasure."


SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: This is the sound of the greatest violin ever made. (violin music #1 in full then fade gently out completely)

Or maybe it is this one. (violin music #2 in full then fade)

It could be a Stradivarius, or an Amati, or a Guarneri made hundreds of years ago. But it might also have been made just last year by someone whose name is not nearly so famous. And that leads us to ask the following. Can you tell, just by listening, which is the best violin? If so, what makes it great?

MARIO RITTER: It all began over three hundred years ago in the town of Cremona in northern Italy. If you wanted to buy a really good musical instrument, you probably visited Antonio Stradivari, Girolamo Amati, or Andrea Guarneri. Many people said they made the best violins that money could buy. Today, many still think of those violins as the greatest of all time. Those that still exist can sell for millions of dollars.

Itzhak Perlman playing a Stradivarius violin from the year 1714For years, scientists and musicians have sought to discover the secrets of the master violin makers. They know that most of the time, spruce, willow or maple wood was used. Some people have thought that chemicals like borax were added to the wooden parts. Others have said that honey, or even the white of an egg was painted on the parts before they were put together.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Still other researchers say that a special kind of glue was used to connect the parts. Some think the secret is in the varnish, the nearly clear liquid that was used as a final cover to protect the wood. Or maybe the wood was special because it grew at a time when the weather was colder than it is today. In the end, no one knows for sure.

And some people say we should not spend a lot of time thinking about the materials and processes used long ago. They instead think that some modern violins sound just as good and cost a lot less. Claudia Fritz at the University of Paris is one of those people. She led a study that was published in "The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences."

At a musical competition in Indiana, she asked twenty-one really good violin players to test six different instruments. She did not tell them that only three of the violins were very old and costly. Together, the three were worth about ten million dollars. The other three were made by modern luthiers, or instrument makers, and cost a hundred times less.

MARIO RITTER: Ms. Fritz asked each of the players to wear welders' goggles, thick, dark eyeglasses, so they could not see the instruments very well while holding them. She thought that some people might be able to identify an old violin by its smell. So she put a little sweet-smelling perfume on the part of the instrument that fits under a player's chin.

The test began in a hotel room. All the subjects in the experiment were permitted to play all six violins, and then say which one they would like to own. Then each player was given only two violins to test. One was very old. The other was modern. They were asked which of the two sounded better. The results of the test led Ms. Fritz to believe that there is no secret to how the old, great violins were made.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Of the twenty-one players, only eight chose an old violin as the

best. Even a recently made violin was judged to be much better sounding than the world famous Stradivarius. Ms. Fritz says the difference between the old and new instruments is only in the mind of the player. Modern luthiers were happy that she found what they believed.

But some professional musicians think the test had little value. One noted that violins are meant to be heard in a concert hall, not a hotel room.

MARIO RITTER: Researchers have performed tests like this many times in the past. But Ms. Fritz says those tests asked average listeners to try to predict which violin was made by a master. Her test was given to concert violinists who play at the highest level. They are the ones you would expect to have the best "ear" for great sound.

There is an old saying that, "beauty lies in the eye of the beholder." If that is true, then perhaps your opinion of how an instrument sounds to your ear is really what matters.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: This SCIENCE IN THE NEWS was written by Brianna Blake and Jim Tedder. June Simms was our producer. I'm SHIRLEY Griffith.

MARIO RITTER: And I'm Mario Ritter. Listen again next week for more news about science in Special English on the Voice of America.

A- Goal-for-2012-Learning-English

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.


Did you make a New Year's resolution? Some of you shared your goals at the VOA Learning English page on Facebook. And, no surprise, many of you said at least one of your goals for twenty-twelve is to speak English better. Daniel Kwon even went so far as to declare: I'm definitely going to try to study English at least an hour a day.

你下新年决心了吗?一些听众在美国之音Facebook页面上分享了自己的目标。而且毫无疑问,很多听众都表示,至少2012年的目标之一是把英语说得更好。 Daniel Kwon甚至宣布:我一定要试着每天至少学一小时的英语。

Jose Antonio Velarde says: My first resolution is to speak English as fluently as my Spanish. And Tuti Riel says: My New Year's resolution is to be able to speak English and Mandarin fluently, and be a better person.

Jose Antonio Velarde说:我的第一个决心是把英语讲得像我的西班牙语一样流利。而Tuti Riel则说:我的新年决心是能讲一口流利的英语和普通话,成为一个更优秀的人。

Juwita Zulmi says she wants to improve her English and get a scholarship to study overseas. Another goal for twenty-twelve: a new boyfriend.

Juwita Zulmi表示她想要提高自己的英语水平,并获得一份奖学金去国外留学。另一个2012年的目标是认识一个新男友。

Derly Johanna Barreto has these two resolutions: to speak English fluently and to get a job. Jiseon Kim also has two goals: to lose weight and improve speaking English. And Katie Chekalina has these resolutions: Don't eat meat. I'll take it easy. Then, to learn Spanish or Italian, and find my real love. The last ones will be the most difficult, she thinks.

Derly Johanna Barreto有这么两个决心:讲好英语,找到一份好工作。Jiseon Kim也有两个目标:减肥和提高英语口语。而Katie Chekalina有三个决心:不吃肉,这事我会放轻松的。然后,学英语或意大利语,并且找到我的真爱。她认为最后一点将是最困难





Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Social Network Sites. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

话题:Social Network Sites

1. 当今社会,社交网站很流行

2. 各人对此看法不同

3. 我的看法


Social Network Sites

In recent years, social network sites like Reen and Kaixin have rapidly gained popularity among all kinds of people.




假设你是吴东 , 你在网上认识了一个美国朋友 Jack, 他来信向你诉说交朋友的烦恼 , 他要求你就 friendship 这个话题发表你的观点和看法并给他一些建议。于是你根据你所了解的情况 , 给他回了一封 e-mail 。

[ 写作内容 ]

1. 友谊是每个人生活中最重要的事情之一 , 没有朋友 , 人会孤独的 ;

2. 多与朋友交流 , 让朋友知道你想与他交朋友以及你对朋友和友谊的理解 ;

3. 真正的朋友应该同甘共苦 ;

4. 邀请朋友参加一些活动如游泳、球赛等 , 赢得真正的友谊。

Dear Jack,I'm glad to have received your e-mail but I am sorry you are having some trouble in making friends.In my opinion, friendship is one of the most important things in everyone's life because without friends we will suffer loneliness. If you would like to take my advice, you'll win real friendship. First, why not communicate with your friend when possible and tell him/her what you think about friends and friendship and let him/her know that you want to make friends with him/her. Secondly, you should learn to share your happiness and sorrow with your friends. Thirdly, it would be a good idea if you like to invite him/her to join in some activities such as swimming and ball games, which can make you learn to appreciate your friends and cherish your friendship.

I hope you will find these opinions and ideas useful.Best wishes! Yours,

Wu Dong


假设你是李华 , 你所在学校拟在下周开一个 " 如何高效地学习英语 " 的讲座。请你根据以下要点给史密斯教授写一封信 , 邀请他给学生做这次讲座。信的内容包括 :

讲座目的 : 让学生了解英语学习策略 ;

讲座内容 : 如何高效学习英语 , 如何提高学习英语的兴趣 , 如何自主学习 ;

讲座时间 : 1 小时 30 分钟左右。

参考词汇 : 策略 strategy

Dear Professor Smith,Our school is planning to have a lecture on how to learn English effectively for middle school students next week and I'm writing to ask you to come and give a talk on English learning strategies. It will help us understand how to learn English in effective ways and also increase our interest in learning it, thus making us learn it actively. Do you think one and a half hours will be enough for such a lecture? Please let me know as soon as possible so that I can make arrangements.Looking forward to seeing you and enjoying the lecture.

Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua


假设你叫Jessie,你的加拿大笔友James 想了解一下你将要参加的2007年全国中学生英语冬令营的有关信息,请你根据下面的海报给他写一封回信,谈谈有关情况和活动意义,并邀请他参加你们的活动。回信的日期:2007-12-10

Welcome to Our Winter Camp 2007




活动内容:举行英语演讲比赛;观看学生表演;游览大连风景名胜;交流学习英语的经验 December 10, 2007 Dear James,Nice to hear from you again! As you know, this winter vacation, at the end of December, 2007, we English-lovers from all over the country will go to a four-day English Winter Camp in Dalian. Some English teachers from China, the USA, England and Australia will join us. In the camp, we will have an English speaking competition, watch some wonderful performances given by the students and visit some places of interest in Dalian.


Besides, we will exchange our English learning experience and talk about our colorful school life in English. I think this winter camp will greatly improve my spoken English and I will make some new friends there. I do hope you will come and join us.Best wishes. Yours sincerely, Jessie


假定你是一名高中生,一次一位外国朋友问你,除了在学校学习英语之外还有什么其它途径练习英语。请你根据提示用英语(词数: 100左右)写出你参加“英语角” 的情况。

提示:1、“英语角” 于两年前成立,许多中学生参加,有时也有些大学生和外国友人来此。




参考词汇:“英语角”:English corner

I’m a senior student. I like English very much. Besides attending English lessons at school, I often go to the English corner in the park near my home on Saturday morning. It was set up (formed) two years ago. Many high school students gather there. Sometimes, some college students and even foreign friends are present at the English corner. There, we practice our spoken English, talk about what we are interested in, exchange our experience in learning English and so on. I’ve learned a lot. I have greatly improved myself in English since I visited it. It is really a great help to me.



1. 简述人类对大自然的依赖。

2. 随着人类的发展,生态平衡遭到破坏,人类生存的环境受到严重污染。人类正在受到大自然的惩罚。

3. 我们要善待自然,自然也会关照我们。


Nature is the mother of mankind. We get almost everything from her. We live on natural food. We make clothes from natural materials. And we build our houses of stone and wood. However, with the development of human beings, man has destroyed the balance of nature. Water, air and soil have been badly polluted. Some kinds of animals and plants have died out completely. As a result, man is being punished by nature. Many people suffer a lot from all kinds of diseases caused by pollution. We should treat nature well and she will look after us.


假如你是一名建筑工人(builder),名叫李华。在修建地基时挖出一些古代文物。一部分人建议(suggest)卖掉,可以得到一些钱,但你不同意。请你用英语给China Daily的编辑写一封信反映此情况,阐明你的理由,并提出建议。参考词汇:修建地基 lay a foundation of;财产 wealth;捐赠 donate?to? Dear Editor,I’m a builder. When other builders and I laid a foundation of a building, we dug out some ancient cultural relics. At that time, some people suggested we sell them so that we could get some money. But I didn’t agree with them because I think these cultural relics are our country’s wealth. As Chinese people, we should protect them. So I told the other builders we shouldn’t sell them, because cultural relics represent a country’s culture and history. Besides, we should donate these culture relics to our country in case they might be sold abroad secretly. We shouldn’t lose them. Yours sincerely, Li Hua



1. 乒乓球是中国的国球。乒乓球运动在中国开展得非常广泛,不管是老人还是孩子,几乎人人会打乒乓球。

2. 在中国,乒乓球台案非常普及。不管是在公园、广场,还是在工作单位,随处都摆放着乒乓球台案。

3. 中国乒乓球运动员的技术非常高。自1959年容国团在第25届世界乒乓球锦标赛上取得世界冠军后,中国产生过无数的乒乓球世界冠军。

Dear Peter,

I’m very glad to know that you are a table tennis fan. So am I. Table tennis is the national ball of China. Almost everyone in China, whether old or young, can play it. The tables for playing it can be seen here and there, in parks, squares and in many working places, even at some people’s homes.The Chinese table tennis players have very excellent skills. Since 1959 when a man named Rong Guotuan won the first world champion at the 25th World Table Tennis

Championship, China has had many table tennis world champions, and the Chinese people are very proud of them.Hope one day you will come to China, and we can play a game together.Best regards.

Yours, Li Hua


假设你拥有一个名叫Allen的机器人,请根据以下内容,以My Own Android为题,简要介绍你的这位机器人朋友。

1. 制造于2008年1月,身高1.5米;

2. 具备人工智能: 可以聊天、下棋(play chess)、玩游戏;

3. 几乎会做一切家务,尤其在陪护年迈的爷爷方面令人满意;

4. 希望能够根据需要随时升级(update)。 My Own Android

I have an android named Allen, which was made in January, 2008. He is about 1.5 metres in height and has artificial intelligence. This means he can talk with everyone. Sometimes we play chess or play games. Allen can do almost all the housework, such as cleaning the house and cooking the dinner, but the best thing Allen can do is that when no one is at home, he can take care of my grandpa, who is quite old now. My grandpa is satisfied with Allen’s service.

Of course, if Allen can be updated when necessary, I think, that’s much better.


假设你叫李华,你从报纸上得知世界上8种熊中有6种面临灭绝的危险,人类活动是造成熊类濒危的主要原因。你决定给世界野生生物基金会(WWF)写信反映这一情况、提出你的建议,并希望基金会采取行动对熊类予以保护。参考词汇:熊类bear species Dear Sir or Madam,I’ve learned from a newspaper that six of eight bear species in the world are dying out. Scientists say that humans are their biggest threat because some parts of bears are very expensive as medicine. That’s one of the reasons why bears are often killed. In addition, many habitats of bears are being destroyed as a result of human activities, so bears are losing their homes.

To save bears, I think more reserves for bears should be set up so that they can live freely there. Laws should be passed to prevent people from killing bears. Please give a hand to the endangered bears. They need help to survive. Yours sincerely, Li Hua



1. 成员中有三名男生和两名女生,均喜欢流行音乐与现代舞蹈;

2. 每周周末排练是否足够?初期演唱的音乐宜多元化还是一种风格?

3. 怎样获得较多的表演机会?

4. 希望他能为乐队取个名字。

Dear Mr. Cousins,Since you are a well-known musician, I’m writing this e-mail to ask you for some advice on how to form a band. I, together with two boys and two girls in different classes in our school, want to form a band. We are all fond of pop music and modern dance. I’d like to know whether we should play one kind of music or different styles to start with. And is it enough to practise only at weekends? How can we get more chances to perform? We’d appreciate it if you would come up with a name for our band.Looking forward to your reply.

Best wishes! Yours sincerely,

Li Hua


在我们国家,人们庆祝丰收的节日是中秋节(Mid-Autumn Festival),请写一篇120词左右的短文向外国朋友介绍一下这个传统节日。

We Chinese celebrate our harvest festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, on the 15th of August (lunar month). The special food for this festival is mooncakes, so people also call this festival Moon Festival. Mooncakes are something like pies. There are different kinds of mooncakes, some have fruit in them, some have nuts in them, and even some have meat in them. All of them are delicious.

Just like Christmas and Thanksgiving in the West, it’s one of the most important and traditional events for us Chinese. It is also a time for family members to get together. Children come back home to have dinner with their parents. This night, the moon is round and bright. People enjoy the full moon, which is considered as a symbol of the harmony and luck.


根据下列提示要点, 以“The Ways to Keep Healthy” 为题, 写一篇短文。


1. 人人都想保持健康。

2. 饮食要健康:多吃水果、蔬菜,因为它们富含纤维素和维生素;少吃黄油、奶酪、咖啡和巧克力,因为它们含糖和脂肪太多,糖和脂肪使你迅速变胖。

3. 有良好的生活习惯:定期锻炼,充足的睡眠,不要过度劳累,不抽烟等等。 The Ways to Keep Healthy

Everyone hopes to be in good health. But how? Here are some ways to keep health.First, you need a healthy diet. It is better to eat fresh fruit and vegetables because they have a lot of fibre and vitamins. Don’t eat the food which contains too much sugar and fat, like butter, cheese, coffee and chocolate. Fat and sugar make people put on weight easily.Second, good living habits are very important. You should do regular exercise to build up your body. Besides, enough rest is necessary for your health. You need 8 hours’ sleep a night and don’t work too hard. Smoking is a bad habit, so never smoke.

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